BALLYMENA 1914-1918

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Ballymena's Fallen A - G

This  record of men from Ballymena and District who fell in the Great War was compiled by John Hoy.

N. B. 'Commemorated' means that he is remembered in the Presbyterian Church in Ireland Roll of Honour, 1914-19, on a tablet or plaque in the church named or that his name is on a family headstone in the churchyard.  Place names may refer to an area, e. g. 'Cullybackey' often means 'from the Cullybackey area' rather that from the village itself.

 

ADAMS, James William, 9554, Sergeant, 1st Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 2nd December 1917 by a trench mortar. He was born and lived at Garvaghy, Portglenone and enlisted in Ballymena. He was born on the 1 January 1894 and was the son of blacksmith Matthew Adams and his wife Catherine (Kate), nee McCullough (or McCulloch). The couple had married on the 5 April 1893 in Castledawson Presbyterian Church, Co Londonderry. Catherine was a farmer's daughter from Ballynease, near Portglenone, and Matthew was from the village itself. Catherine remarried after Matthew's death. Labourer and widower Daniel McArthur of Airdrie, Scotland married widow Catherine in 2nd Ahoghill (Trinity) Presbyterian Church on the 30 September 1913. Catherine McArthur later lived at 8, Bellsdyke Place, Airdrie, Lanarkshire.

ADRAIN, William Kearns, 2nd Lieutenant, 5th  Royal Irish Regiment (attached 1st Royal Irish. Rifles), born 27th January 1896, was killed in August 24th, 1916.  He is buried in Vermelles British Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France. Aged 20, he was the son of Robert and Jane, Ballyclare & 5 Donard Villas, Belfast. He is associated with Barclay & Crawford's shop in Ballymena and named in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church. A former RBAI pupil, he was in Queen's University OTC and lived at 25 University Avenue at the time of his commissioning into the 5th Royal Irish Rifles, soon transferring to the 1st Battalion.


His death is recorded in the War Diary as follows:


In the 'Quarries' Sector. At about 10.50pm, the enemy attempted to enter the 'Northern Crater'. Bombs were thrown opposite Boyau (trench) 98 to distract their attention. A party of between 20 and 30 of the enemy attempted to raid the crater. They were discovered when within 20 yards of the crater, rapid fire was opened and bombs were thrown. The enemy scattered and were seen to carry some of their men back. 2nd Lt Adrain and 1 OR killed, 14 OR wounded. Battalion subsequently withdrawn to brigadier reserve in Curley Crescent.


The family headstone in Ballynure reads as follows:


...William Kearns Adrain, 2nd lieut. 5th Batt. Royal Irish Regiment, killed in action in France, 24 Aug 1916 aged 20 years, third son of Robert Adrain. Jane, wife of Robert Adrain, died 10 Apr 1931 aged 74 years...

AGNEW, 42593 Private John, 12th Highland Light Infantry, formerly 28614 Royal Scots Fusiliers, was killed in action on 11 April, 1917.  He is named on the Arras Memorial, France. He was born in the Cromkill area and he enlisted/lived Glasgow. He appears to have been the son of Robert and Mary Agnew, nee McCartney, who was born at Cromkill, Kells on the 5 March 1896. Carpenter Robert and Mary, both from Cromkill, had married in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church, Ballymena on the 10 August 1895. The Scottish National War Memorial records his birth at Cromkill.
AGNEW, 18/817 Rifleman John, 12 Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action aged 42 on the 22 November 1917 and he is remembered on the Cambrai Memorial, Louverval. He was born on the 16 May 1875 at Kells and in 1901 and 1911 was living at Tannaghmore, Shilvodan.  He was the son of Samuel and Agnes Agnew, nee Crawford. Farmer Samuel Agnew and Agnes Crawford, both from Fenagh, Craigs, Cullybackey, had married in Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 24 February 1871.

Right: ALLEN Charles, 1535, Private, 1st Irish Guards, was killed in action on November 18, 1914 and he is listed on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial. He was born at 39, North Queen Street, Belfast on the 15 August 1884 and enlisted in Ballymena. He was the son of William and Elizabeth Allen, nee McClean, of Alexander Street, Ballymena. He worked in Liscolman Spinning Mill and had a wife Matilda and three children at Dervock.

 

Charles Allen initially enlisted in Ballymena on 18th November 1902 and spent three years with the colours.  He then spent nine years in the reserves before being called back to his regiment on 5th August 1914.  His unit, mobilized on the 4th August, marched into Belgium on the 20th and reached the Mons area before being forced to retreat on the 26th; this was the famous Retreat from Mons, and for Charles Allen it was a fighting retreat of about 140 miles.  The unit was sent into billets at Hazebrouck in October but was then moved through Ypres and into trenches in Klein Zillebeke in November.  On his second spell of duty in the trenches there - it was snowing and the Germans were shelling them heavily - and he was killed.

Left: ALLEN, William, 59, Rifleman, 12th  Royal Irish Rifles, DOW in France on May 2, 1918, buried Bolougne Eastern Cemetery, France. He was born and lived in Ballymena, enlisted Belfast. He was the 19 year old grandson of Ellen McKee, 1, Toome Road, Ballymena.

William Allen appears to be William Robert Allen, born at Tullynamullan, Kells on the 14 August 1896,  the son of Joseph Allen and his wife Hannah, nee Mckee.  The couple, both from Tullynamullan, had married on the 5 December 1882 in 2nd Antrim Presbyterian Church.

William appears in the 1911 Irish census and he was living in Ballymena with Ellen McKee, then of Ballee, Ballymena.  She is said to be 68 years old and had been married for 40 years.  She said she had had eleven children of her own, nine of whom were still alive in 1911. She listed daughters Aggie (23) and Minnie (21) and William Allen, 12 years old and her grandson. This would have made him 21+ years old at the time of his death. The age given in Soldiers Died in the Great War and by the CWGC is 19 years.


Ellen McKee, recorded as being just 50 years old, was living at Kildrum, Kells with her husband David (55) in 1901.  The census records William (30 and mentally impaired), Bella (Isabella, born 5 Dec 1878 at Appletee. Kells), James (18 and born 27 February 1883 at Appletee, Kells), Andrew (15 and born 9 December 1884 at Appletee, Kells), Agnes (14 and born 14 May 1887 at Appletee, Kells) and Minnie (18 and born  14 February 1889 at Appletee, Kells). Ellen McKee's maiden name was Allen.



Left: ALLEN, 6530 Rifleman William, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds (He received leg wounds on May 13th, 1916) on 17th May, 1916. He is buried in Forceville Communal Cemetery, France. He was born at Dunnyvadden, Ballyclug on the 17 August 1896 and enlisted in Ballymena. He was the 19 year old son of Samuel and Ellen Allen, nee Montgomery, of Dunnyvadden, Kells.

Farmer Samuel Allen of Dunnyvadden, Kells had married milliner Ellen of Ballymena in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 12 April 1883.


ALLISON, William John, 7864, Private, 1st Royal Irish Fusiliers, died at home on November 14, 1914. He was born at Slatt Ballymena on the 21 October 1888, the son of Thomas and Agnes Allison, nee Dunseath. The couple, Thomas from Tullynamullan and Agnes from Slatt, married in Ballymena's West Church on the 2 June 1888. William enlisted in Belfast and lived in Drogheda.
His name is recorded on the Brookwood Memorial. The Brookwood 1914-1918 Memorial is a memorial commemorates casualties with no known grave. The majority of the casualties commemorated there are service personnel from the land forces of the UK, who subsequently died in the care of their families. They were not commemorated by the CWGC at the time but these casualties have since been found. There are still many cases to be resolved and the memorial therefore allows for further names to be added. In addition, the Brookwood 1914-18 Memorial commemorates some land and air forces casualties who were lost at sea. These casualties would normally be commemorated on the Hollybrook Memorial in Southampton, but the memorial panels there are now full and so their commemoration has been added to this memorial.
ANDERSON, 12085 Private David, 5th Royal Irish Fusiliers, died of wounds at sea on August 8, 1915. He is named on Helles Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was born at Springwell Street, Ballymena on the 21 June 1898 and was the son of George and Mary Jane Anderson, nee Hasson.  His parents, labourer George from Ballee and Margaret Jane from Ballymarlow (or Ballymarlagh), had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 14 January 1878.
The family had moved to Belfast and were at North Street in 1901 and McTier Street in 1911.




Right: ANDERSON, 4932 Rifleman David, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on July 5, 1916, and he is buried in Puchevillers British Cemetery, Somme. Aged 39, he was born at Galgorm Parks, Ballymena on the 24 June 1877 and enlisted in Ballymena. He was the son of Adam and Jane Anderson, nee Higgins. His sister Martha lived at 9, Bridge Street Place, Ballymena, as he did at the time of the 1901 and 1911 Irish census.


ANDERSON, 5936 Rifleman Edward Douglas, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on September 20, 1914.  He is named on the La-Ferte-Sous-Jouarre Memorial, France. Aged 31, he was born on the 11 May 1870 at Carniny, Ballymena. He was a regular soldier and had enlisted in Belfast in 1900. He was the son of the late Adam and Jane Anderson, nee Higgins, and the brother of 4932 Rifleman David Anderson. His wife Janet lived at 7, Duncan Street, Pollockshaws, Glasgow.
ANDERSON, William Henry, 19376, Rifleman, 11th  Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on July 1st, 1916.  He is buried Contalmaison Chateau Cemetery, Somme. He was born in Broughshane on the 7 December 1894, worked as a clerk at the Old Bleach Linen Factory, Randalstown and he enlisted in Antrim.  He was the youngest son of James and Mary Anderson, Shane's Cottage, Randalstown. James was then employed by Lord O'Neill. His wife's maiden name was Mary Ann Thompson.
James Anderson was a former policeman, an ex-RIC Sergeant, who had been stationed at Portrush, Ballymoney and Broughshane. All four of his known sons served in the forces during the Great War.  William Henry and his brother Samuel A served in the Royal Irish Rifles. Albert and Robert James Anderson served in the CEF. Albert (Service number 192165), a policeman living in Toronto, was severely wounded in the left shoulder while serving at Vimy Ridge with the 15th Battalion, Canadian Infantry and he was eventually returned 'medically unfit' to Canada. 751406 Private Robert James Anderson, a store manager, joined the 118th Battalion and served with the 2nd Pioneers. He lived in London, Ontario with his wife Christina V Anderson.
ANDREWS, 7955 Rifleman Hugh, 1st Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action at Neuve Chapelle on the 10 March 1915 and he is named on the Le Touret Memorial, Pas de Calais, France. He was born in Ballymena and enlisted in Belfast. He had left his bank book with Katharine Saunders, Commandant, Hants 60 VAD.

In the event of my being able to use the money I propose endowing a bed in Private Hugh Andrew's name in some permanent military hospital or charity or Lord Robert's Memorial for Disabled Soldiers.
I remain
Yours truly
Katharine Saunders,
Commandant Hants 60 VAD

ANDREWS, Robert, Merchant Marine, was an eighteen year old Wireless Operator on the SS Vienna, a 4,170 grt merchant steamer, when he died on the 11th September 1917, his ship, en route between Brest and New York, being torpedoed by the U49 some 340 miles from Ushant.  Though the vessel belonged to Gow, Harrison and Co., Glasgow and he is listed as the son of Hugh and Agnes Andrews, Kennishead Road, Thornliebank, Renfrew, the family were from the Ballymena area.  They had moved to Scotland some considerable time before the outbreak of the World War One.  They are not mentioned in the 1911 Irish census but appear in that for 1901.  Two year old Robert is there listed as living with his father, a general labourer, and his mother, 47 and 45 respectively, and his brothers and sisters, Maggie (aged 12), Agnes (aged 10), Minnie (aged 8) and brother John (aged 5). Another daughter, Bella Magowan, a 26 year old dressmaker, and her 1 year old son John are also listed as living in the family home.

Robert was indeed born in the Ballymena area. Local records show he was born on the 7 March 1899, the son of Hugh and Agnes Andrews, nee Morton, Cullybackey.

Robert Andrews is named on the Tower Hill Memorial. 

(Thanks to Wesley Wright & friends for their help.)

ANDREWS, William James Morrison, 2nd Lieutenant, Royal Flying Corps and General List, was killed in a flying accident during his training on Salisbury Plain on June 4, 1917.  He was the 26 year old son of Alex Andrews, a tea merchant, formerly of Woodvale, Ballymena. The family are primarily associated with Dungannon. 


William James Morrison Andrews was born at Coolhill, Dungannon on the 6 October 1890, he attended Dungannon Royal School, and his family lived there.  He is buried in Drumcoo Cemetery, Dungannon, but is also commemorated in West Church (Presbyterian), Ballymena. He had studied  engineering in London before joining the RFC.


Alexander and Violet Andrews had four children: William James Morrison Andrews, Annie May Andrews, Arthur Alexander Andrews, Fred Stanley Andrews. The three boys all served in the forces.   Second Lieutenant Arthur Andrews, formerly employed by  the Belfast Banking Company in Coleraine and Belfast, and of Royal Irish Fusiliers, was severely wounded in the thigh on the 1st July 1916 during the fighting on the Somme.  He had received his commission on 23rd August 1915.  Fred Stanley Andrews got his commission in the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.

APSLEY, Deal/10648(S) Private Alexander, Royal Marines Labour Corps, was killed in accident on October 28, 1917.  He is buried in Dunkirk Cemetery. He was the second son of the late William and brother of Mrs. Barr, Ballymoney Street, Ballymena.
Alexander cannot be identified but his sister appears to have been Mary, wife of Archibald Barr, butcher-flesher, of Ballymoney Street, Ballymena.  Archie of Ballymena had married Mary, farm servant, of Broughshane in the 'Parish Church of Skerry and Rathcavan', otherwise Broughshane's St Patrick's Parish Church on 11 October 1892. No record of her birth can be found.


ARMSTRONG, Alexander, 12958, Private, 1st Canterbury Regiment, NZ Expeditionary Force, was killed in action on December 3, 1917. He had embarked on the 6th May 1916 with the 3rd Reinforcements to the 3rd Battalion, G Company (elsewhere 3rd Reinforcements to the 4th Battalion, H Company).  He is remembered in Buttes New Cemetery Memorial, Belgium, in 1st Broughshane Presbyterian Churchyard and on Broughshane War Memorial.

He was a labourer from Fairview, Pollee, Broughshane and had been born the son of James Armstrong and Margaret McAlister on the 23 September 1872. See Ballymena New Zealanders.


Left: ARMSTRONG, William, 9196, Private, E Company, 1st Royal Highland Regiment (Black Watch), was killed in action on October 29th, 1914. He is named on Ypres Memorial (Menin Gate). He was the son of stonemason Robert Armstrong and Agnes (Nancy) Huston, of Pollee, Broughshane and he had been born on the 30 June 1882.

He was the husband of Agnes Armstrong, nee Montgomery, 10 Windsor Terrace, Ballymena. The couple had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 5 March 1910 and William is remembered in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church.

 

AUSTIN,  2nd Lieutenant Hugh Morrell, 12th Highland Light Infantry, MIA (then KIA) on August 13th, 1916. He is buried in Adanac Military Cemetery. He was born on the 9 October 1890 at Killane, Ahoghill, the son of merchant Hugh and wife Elizabeth Austin, nee Knowles. The family later moved to Belfast. They lived at Cedar Avenue, Belfast in 1901, St Jude's Avenue, Belfast in 1911 and were at Cranmore Avenue, Belfast at the time of Hugh's death.  Hugh is remembered in Cooke Centenary Presbyterian Church, Belfast.
Merchant Hugh Austin, son of merchant James of Ahoghill, had married farmer's daughter Lizzie Knowles, Fenagh, Cullybackey at the home of the bride's mother at Fenagh on the 6 January 1885.
The family headstone in Cullybackey Reformed Presbyterian (Pound) Cemetery reads:
1891   
Erected in memory of James Austin, Ahoghill, died 24th January 1891, aged 69 years
And his wife Isabella died 8th September 1900, aged 78 years.
Also Bel, daughter of Hugh Austin, died 11th March 1889, aged 3 years.
Also the above named Hugh Austin, died 2nd Oct 1925, aged 69 years
And his wife Elizabeth, died 10th January, 1939 aged 78 years.
In loving memory of two brothers who fell in the great war Hubert Morrell Austin, in France, August, 12, 1916, James Austin in Salonika, June, 21, 1917 ...
AUSTIN, 2nd Lieutenant James, 13th Manchester Regiment, died of wounds on June 21, 1917. He is buried in Salonika Military Cemetery. He was born on the 2 December 1888 at Lismurnaghan, Ahoghill and was the son of Hugh and Elizabeth Austin, nee Knowles, Belfast, though formerly of Ahoghill, Ballymena. He was the brother of Hugh (above).
AYRE, 1281 Rifleman Samuel, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on August 16th, 1917.  He is named on Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium. He was born at Bellee, Kirkinriola on the 8 March 1890 (incorrectly recorded as John by Registrar) and was the son of James and Jane Ayre, nee Stirling. They later lived at Glenavy. He had married Rachel Williamson in St Anne's Cathederal, Belfast on the 26 December 1914. He was a soldier at Candeboye Camp, Co Down and she gave her address as 345, Antrim Road, Belfast. The CWGC recorded his widow at Hill Street, Crumlin, Co Antrim.
BAKER, G18647 Private John, 7th Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment,  was killed in action on 18th November, 1916. He is named on the Thiepval Memorial. Aged 38, he was the son of William and Harriet Baker, Harpole, Northampton and the husband of Ellen Baker, 64 Moat Road, Ballymena.


BAMBER (also Bammer and Balmer), 27519 Robert, Trench Mortar Battery, 9th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action instantly by a shell on August 16th, 1917 (CWGC says Bammer and 15 Aug 1917).  He is named on Tyne Cot Memorial and remembered in St Patrick's Parish Church, Ballymena. 

He was born at Dreen, Cullybackey, the son of Susan Balmer (sic) and he enlisted in Ballymena. Susanna Bamber, aged 28 and single, was living at the Dreen, Ballyconnelly, Ballymena in 1901, and Robert Balmer, aged 14, was a farm servant employed by William John Agnew and his sister at Limnaharry, Ahoghill in 1911.  Susan was later living at Springwell Street, Ballymena.  His commanding officer wrote: 'He was a good boy and a brave soldier.'


BANKHEAD, 424544 Private Frank John, 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles (Saskatchewan Regt.), died of wounds on October 29th, 1916. He was shot in the head by a sniper while on duty in an Advanced Post. He is buried in St. Catherine Cemetery, Pas de Calais. Born Pretoria, South Africa on the 25 June 1890, he was the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Anne, Ballymena. They were at William Street in 1901 and later at High Street. Frank is commemorated in St. Patrick's Church of Ireland, Ballymena.

BARBOUR, 19593 Private John, 6th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action at Gallipoli on the 21 August 1915. He was born at Ballyedward, Glynn on the 7 February 1890, the son of carpenter James and his wife Alice Barbour, nee McKinty, and John lived at Layde, Cushendall, Co Antrim. He is in some locations numbered incorrectly as 19953. He is buried in Hill 10 Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.
BARCLAY, 9802 Private James, 1st Gordon Highlanders, was killed in action on 17 January 1916. He is buried in La Clytte Military Cemetery, Belgium. He was born on the 20 January 1884 at Glenmullion, Antrim and he enlisted in Aberdeen in 1905. His parents were Robert and Margaret Barclay, nee McCrory. He is commemorated in Connor Presbyterian Church.
BARR, 7859 Rifleman John, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on July 7th, 1916, and he is named on Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was the son of Duffin & Harriet Barr, nee O'Neill. They married on the 30 October 1877 in the Ballymena Registrar's Office, and John was born around 1877. Harriet, her name written Harget in records, died on the 16 March 1888 of cervical cancer. John, half-brother of Matthew,  married Ellen McNeice, Tullygarley in 1st Broughshane Presbyterian Church on the 8 October 1902. His wife and six children lived at 159, Queen Street, Ballymena. He is commemorated in Wellington St. Presbyterian Church, Ballymena.


BARR, Matthew (registered mistakenly as Duffin), 18/1197, Rifleman, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on December 8th, 1916. He is buried in La Plus Douve Farm Cemetery, Belgium. He was born on the 15 May 1897 at Cromkill and enlisted in Ballymena. He was the son of Duffin and Eliza Barr, nee Dempster, Cromkill. Eliza, Duffin's second wife, married him in High Kirk Presbyterian Church, Ballymena on 26 August 1893. Matthew, half-brother of John (Above) is commemorated in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church, Ballymena and the family gravestone is in Kells and Connor New Presbyterian Cemetery, Kells.



Right: BEATTIE, 18860 Lance Corporal Samuel, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on March 7th, 1916. He is buried in Hamel Military Cemetery, Somme. He was born on the 25 May 1882 at Bridewell Court, the son of James and Ann, nee McVeigh, and he enlisted in Ballymena. He had married Maria Sutter in Ballymena Methodist Church on the 30 January 1909; he gave his address as 18, Duke Street, and Maria said she lived at 95, Queen Street. The couple lived at Prospect Place, Ballymena in 1911 and his widow later lived at 91, Queen Street, Ballymena.



 

BELL, David, SS108915, Stoker 1st Class, HMS Hawke, died on 15th October 1914.  He was born on the 24 September 1887 at High Street, Ballymena, the son of Edmund and Jane McClean (or McLean). The couple, both of High Street, had married in St Patrick's Church, Ballymena on the 13 November 1886.  The family moved to Belfast before the war and are associated with Ambleside Street, Belfast in 1901 and had earlier been at 14, Wimbledon Street. David had  married in Trinity Church of Ireland on the 25 January 1908 and his wife was Annie McAuley, 32, Danube Street, Belfast.  He is remembered on Chatham Memorial.
BELL, Frank, 54284, Private, 1st Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), died of pneumonia on December 3rd, 1918. He is buried in Caudry British Cemetery, France.  He was formerly of Newtowncrommelin and the son of John Bell, Gibb's Hill,  Harthill, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  One Cameronian Regiment record says he died on the 10 January 1919 but his grave registration refutes this.



Left: BELL, 6168, Rifleman Joseph, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action at Neuve Chapelle on October 27th, 1914. He is named on Le Touret Memorial, Pas de Calais. He was born on 12 June 1878 at Ballymoney Street, Ballymena, the son on William John and Lucinda Elizabeth Bell, nee Craig, and enlisted in the town. His father lived at Greenvale Street in 1901 and at Suffolk Street with his second wife Annie, nee McClurg, in 1911. He is commemorated in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.
BELL, William, 9955, Rifleman, 1st Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on August 16, 1917, and he  is named on the Tyne Cot Memorial. His parents were Alexander Bell, Longmore, Skerry, Broughshane and Catherine Aiken, Tecloy, Broughshane and they had married in Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 16 May 1894. He enlisted in Ballymena.


BELL, William McNiece, 11073, Private, 4th South African Infantry Regiment, died of unspecified causes on March 24th, 1918. He is named on Pozieres Memorial, Somme. He was born on the 13 November 1880 at Ballylesson, Ballyclug, Ballymena, the son of farmers John  and Mary Bell. The family were at Ballyclug in 1901 and at 68, Queen Street, Ballymena in 1911. His wife, Hanna Grace Bell, lived at Cromkill, Ballymena; South African records give her later address as 5 Waring Street, Ballymena and refer to her husband as a farmer. He is commemorated in Harryville Presbyterian Church.


BENNETT, 269426 Engine Room Artificer 1st Class Henry John, died on the 6 August 1914 in the sinking of HMS Amphion. He was the son of Henry Bennett, Torr, Culfeightrim, Ballycastle, a boatman in the Coastguard Service, and Susan, nee Pengalley sic (Pengelly?), and he had been born on the 25 August 1877.  He was a Royal Navy regular and had served in the South African War and he held a medal for long service. He was, as indicated by his date of death, one of the first casualties of the Great War.

 

HMS Amphion was lost in the sinking of the Konigin Luise, a former ferry reworked as a minelayer. She left Emden on the 4th August to lay mines off the Thames Estuary.

 

On the 5th August HMS Amphion and others caught her laying mines and engaged. The Konigin Luise was only lightly armed was quickly sunk. She had been no threat to her attackers but Biermann, the German Captain, had drawn the British ships into a newly laid minefield. At 06.45 on 6th August, HMS Amphion struck a mine which broke the ship’s back. She lost control and struck other mines in the same row. She sank at 07.05 and 151 men were lost. A Ballymena man, Charles George McConachy, was also one of those lost.


BLACK, Robert, 12109, Lance Corporal, 2nd Highland Light Infantry, was killed in action on October 24th, 1914 when his trench was blown up by the Germans. He is named on the Ypres Memorial (Menin Gate). He was born on the 24 December 1896 at Kirkinriola, Ballymena, the son of labourer Jeremiah and Matilda Black, nee Lowery, and he enlisted in Paisley, Scotland. Local press says the family had family at Ballygarvey, Kirkinriola, Ballymena. He was the brother of William.


Widower Jeremy (sic), a farmer of Rokeel/Rathkeel, Broughshane had married Matilda Lowery, Ballygelly, Broughshane in Buckna Presbyterian Church on 19 December 1879.  In 1911 they said they had been married for 29 years and all of their 8 offspring were then alive.




BLACK, William James (brother of Robert above) 11302, Lance Corporal,  2nd Highland Light Infantry, was killed in action on November 14th, 1914. He is named on the Ypres Memorial (Menin Gate). He was born on the 4 February 1891 at Craigywarren, Ballymena, the son of labourer (Surfaceman) Jeremiah and Matilda Black, nee Lowery, and he enlisted in Scotland. Local press says the family lived at Ballygarvey, Kirkinriola, Ballymena.

BLAIR, James, 108392, Sapper, Royal Engineers, died of unspecified causes  in East Africa on the September 16, 1916, and he is named on the Nairobi British and Indian Memorial. He was born in Drumramer, Ahoghill and was the son of James and Martha Blair, nee Dickey. Widower James Blair, Drumramer, had married Martha Dickey, Ballybollen, Ahoghill in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 27 January 1872. He enlisted Litchfield and his wife Isabella, nee Graham and whom he had married in St Anne's Cathedral, Belfast on the 1 December 1909, later lived at 6, Copperfield Street, Belfast. At the time of the marriage carpenter James lived at St Aubyn Street, Belfast and his bride gave her address as 195, York Road, Belfast.
BLAIR, James, 69, Rifleman,  12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed on July 1, 1916, and he is named on Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born at Ardymagh (probably Ballyalbanagh), Ballycor, Ballyclare on the 29 October 1895, the son of labourer William and his wife Minnie, nee Robinson. The couple, both of Ballyalbanagh, Ballycor, Ballyclare, had married in Larne Register Office on the 3 May 1895. The family lived at Glenhead, Glenwherry in 1901, but were back at Ballycor, Ballyclare in 1911 and it was in Ballyclare that he enlisted. CWGC say he was the son of William Blair, Millvale, Ballyclare.
BLAIR, William, 10938, Lance Corporal, 1st Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 8 March 1917, and he is buried in Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, France. He was born at Prospect Place (off North street), Ballymena on the 28 June 1896, his mother being Lizzie Blair. He enlisted in Ballymena. He was the grandson of Mary Blair, later 7, Galgorm Street, Ballymena and he is commemorated in 2nd Ballymena (High Kirk) Presbyterian Church.
The 1901 Irish census records the family at Prospect Place.  Mary, a 50 year old widow, listed daughters Agnes (30), Eliza (28) and Sarah (22) and grandchildren Mary Rogers and William McKinlay.  They were still there in 1911. Widow Mary (68) listed daughters Agnes (40), Lizzie (38), Sarah (34), grandson William, 14 and an apprentice in a solicitor's office, Thomas Erwin, her 28 year old stonemason  son in law, his wife Mary (22) and grandchildren Evelyn (4) and William James (2).
BLEAKLY, James Alexander, 624781, Private, 10th Canadian Infantry (Alberta Regiment), was killed in action on April 28th, 1917. He was the fifth son of Robert John and Sara Jane Bleakly, nee McKay, of Seacon, Ballymoney.  He became a teacher and was a former Principal of Tardree and Cushybracken National Schools - these are near Ballymena - before he emigrated to Canada.  There he was Secretary and Treasurer of Two Hills School, and he was a merchant.  He enlisted in Vegreville, Alberta in February 1916 sometime after the death of his wife.  He left Halifax on the SS California on the 3rd October 1916 and landed in Liverpool ten days later. He arrived in France in November and was part of the 10th Battalion after 13 November 1916.  He was moved to the 1st Entrenching Battalion, a reserve pool of troops, and then attached to a Canadian Corps Pioneer Company for a time.  He rejoined the 10th Battalion on the 18th April and was killed at the Battle of Vimy Ridge on the 28th April.  He is named on Vimy Memorial.



Left: BOAL, James Spence, 2nd Lieutenant, 109th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, died of wounds on January 29th, 1917.   He is buried at Dernaucourt Communal Cemetery Extension, Somme. He was born on the 20 May 1889 at Tullygarley and was the son of John and Margaret Boal, nee Carson, Tullygarley. He is commemorated in Wellington St. Presbyterian Church and in Ballymena Academy.


BOAL, John Kirk, Captain, 1st Royal Irish Fusiliers, KIA on May 3rd, 1917, Roeux, France. Aged 20, he was the son of John and Sophia Boal, Antrim House. The other soldier mentioned on the memorial stone is Private James Coleman Kirk, 437056 of the 3rd Canadian MGC, aged 36, who was killed on 27th September 1918.  He was the son of John and Sophia Kirk, Antrim House.  J K Boal's father was 33 in 1901 Census, his mother 29; James Coleman Kirk's  father was 53, his mother 56, in the same census and he had three brothers then listed: Martin Harper (20), Robert James (24) and Norman (17).

Editor: John Kirk Boal, as seen in the original photograph above, was identified as being from Ballymena.  This now seems a mistake, but I will leave his details here.

BONNAR, John 6293, Rifleman, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1st July 1916, and he is named Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born/had kin at Racavan, Broughshane. He enlisted in Ballymena and lived in Ballyclare. He is commemorated in Buckna Presbyterian Church. Local press at the time said:

Information has been received by his sister that Rifleman John Bonnar 12th Royal Irish Rifles (Central Antrims) has been killed in action on July 1. Rifleman Bonnar enlisted in May 1915 prior to which he was in the employment of Mr. James Curie, Rocavan. Rifleman Bonnar who was only 18 years of age, was a son of the late Mr. James Bonnar, Rocavan.

John Bonnar was probably born on the 8 February 1898, the son of farmer James Bonnar and his wife Margaret McGahon of Carnstrone, now usually Carnstroan, Racavan, Broughshane. His mother died on the 22 April 1900 and widower James married Agnes Shaw, Carnstroan, Racavan on the 20 April 1901. The family appear in the 1901 and 1911 Irish census returns. James was 48 in 1901 and a widower. Annie (9), William (11), James (5) and John (3) are also listed. In 1911 James was 60, new wife Annie was 42, and some children from both marriages are listed.  Annie (18) and John (13) are listed alongside Samuel (6), Joseph (5), Agnes (3) and Daniel (1).

James Bonnar died on the 16 November 1911, hence the reference in 1916 to the 'late Mr.James Bonnar'.

BOVILLE, 724650 James, 20th Battalion, Canadian Infantry, died on the 5 April 1917.  The 30 year old, born 18 July 1884, was the son of James and Margaret Boville, Belfast, and husband of Margaret, 21, Cambridge Avenue, Toronto.  James Boville  of Ahoghill, a grocer, had married Margaret Close, Gloonan, on the 10 July 1876 and their son James was born in Ahoghill.
BOVILLE, 163291, Robert, A Company, 75th Battalion, Canadian Infantry, died on the  18 November 1916.  The 36 year old, born 27 April 1880, was the son of James and Margaret Boville, 7, Leroy Street, Ballysillan, Belfast, and husband of Sarah, 295, Ashdale Avenue, Toronto.  James Boville  of Ahoghill, a linen manufacturer, had married Margaret Close, Gloonan, on the 10 July 1876 and their son James was born in Ahoghill.


Right: BOWDEN, 18880 Lance Corporal John, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of illness at Newtownards Camp on April 1st, 1915.  He was born on the 22 February 1896, the son of David and Margaret Bowden of Slatt, Ballymena. The couple, David from Appletee, Kells and Margaret from Ballee, had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 12 June 1886.
John Bowden enlisted in Ballymena and was given a military funeral in his home town. He is buried in Ballymena New Cemetery, Cushendall Road. He is commemorated in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.

See Weekly War 1915 for photograph of the funeral.

BOORMAN, 8364 Private James, 2nd Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), died of wounds on 20th November 1915, aged circa 41 years.  He was born the son of John and Margaret Boorman, nee Kelly, on the 10 January 1875 at Glenbuck near the village of Dunloy, Co Antrim,  though family seems to have lived in Belfast at the time of WW1.  He enlisted in Dunfermline, Scotland. His unit took part in a diversionary attack north of the La Bassee Canal, part of the Battle of Loos, and then remained in the general area.  He was seriously injured in a November attack at Laventie and taken to the hospital at Sailly-sur-Lys. It was there that he died.  He was the brother of Mrs Maggie McCartney, 57, Melrose Street, Belfast.

BOYD, Robert James, 32932, Private, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action at Festubert on May 16th, 1915. He is named Le Touret Memorial, Pas de Calais. He was born on the 18 February 1895 at Ballyalbanagh, Ballyclare, the son of Willian and Mary Boyd, nee Scullion. The couple, widower William (26) from Kilgreel, Templepatrick married Mary from Straid, Ballyclare, in Ballyclare RC Chapel on the 15 October 1885. He enlisted in Belfast. William and Mary Boyd later lived at Millquarter, Ballyscullion, Toomebridge.
BOYD, Able Seaman William, Mercantile Marine, died on the 2nd December 1917 when the SS Copeland (Glasgow) was torpedoed by U-57 (Commander Carl-Siegfried Ritter von Georg) and sunk off Tuskar Rock with the loss of 12 crew. He was the son of the late Matthew, a sailor, and Agnes Boyd, nee Clyde, and the husband of Jeanie Boyd, nee Green, of 13, Main St., Glasgow. He had been born at Glenarm, Co. Antrim on the 1st November 1868.
BOYD, 11894 Rifleman William James, 15th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1 July 1916. He is named on the Thiepval Memorial. He was born in Drummaul, Co. Antrim and had married Annie Cobain, 21, Limestone Road, Belfast in Trinity Parish Church, Belfast on the 24 October 1905. He then lived at 24, Lawther Place, Belfast. He enlisted in Belfast, but he is remembered Drummaul Parish Church.
Widow Annie Boyd, nee Cobain, married widower Samuel Hoy in Ballylinney Presbyterian Church on the 8 October 1918. Both then lived at Kilbride.  CWGC says he was the husband of A. Hoy, Drummaragh, Doagh.
BOYLE, Daniel, 829213, Private, 44th Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regt.), died of shrapnel wounds to the abdomen in No. 44 CCS on October 29th, 1917.  He is buried in Nine Elms British Cemetery, Belgium. He was the son on the 7 June 1890 (He said 7 June 1894 on his Canadian papers) and was the son of William James and Katherine Boyle, Drumcrow, Broughshane. See Ballymena Canadians

BOYLE, William, 424218, Private, Labour Corps (formerly 9472 Royal Irish Rifles), died at sea on the 3rd August, 1918. He is named on Hollybrook Memorial, Southampton. He was born in Ballymena and enlisted in Belfast.

William Boyle cannot be positively identified but he appears to have been William James Alexander Boyle, born 20 July 1893 and the son of unmarried Agnes Boyle, William Street, Ballymena; Ellen Boyle was present at the birth. William and Ellen Boyle, both 50, listed William (8) as their grandson in 1901. In 1911 the same family was at Springwell Street, Ballymena and 18 year old William was working in a linen mill.

Ellen may be the key. William left his effects to his guardian, a woman called Nellie Boyle.  Nellie is a variant form of Ellen and Ellen had always been his 'mother' and guardian.

BRADY, Patrick, 28735, Private, 6th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on October 7th, 1918 and he is buried in Bellicourt British Cemetery, France. He was said to be aged 33 and to be born at Killyfast, the son of John of Portlee/Ballynamullan. His wife Margaret lived at Staffordstown, Randalstown.
The Irish census of 1911 shows Patrick Brady, 35 and a farmer, and his wife Margaret (37) living at Gillistown, Ballyscullion  with their four children: James Henry, 9 and born in the USA, Hugh Francis, 7 and born in  the USA, Rose Ann, 4 and born in the USA, and Mary Ellen, 2 and born in Co. Antrim.
Ballynamullan, Portlee, Killyfast, Gillistown and Staffordstown are all adjacent townlands near Randalstown and just north of Lough Neagh.
BRIZZLE (often Brizzell, sometimes Brizzel) Samuel, 116648, Pioneer, 5th Labour Bn. Royal Engineers, died on 20 October 1915 and he is buried in Divisional Cemetery, Dickebusch Road, Ypres. He was born at Coach Entry, off Castle Street, Ballymena on the 25 September 1867 and he enlisted in London.
Samuel Brizzle had moved to Belfast in the 19th century and earned his living as a carter.  He married Martha Jane Dougherty in Agnes Street Presbyterian Church on the 17 February 1891, and both gave their address as 8, Lancaster Street, Belfast.
In 1901 Samuel (30) and Martha Jane (31), still Lancaster Strret, listed three children: Sarah Jane was 9 and born 17 January 1892, William was 6 and born 1 January 1895, and Margaret was 4 and born 12 June 1896.  Agnes, born 1 June 1893, had died  aged 3 months of 'debility from birth'. The couple had two lodgers.
In 1911 Samuel (44) and Martha (41) were living at Henry Street, Belfast. William was 16, Margaret 14, and Sarah Jane (19) had married John Gibson (19) in Clifton Street Presbyterian Church on the 24 October? (illegible) 1910. They lived with Samuel and his wife, as did five boarders.
Martha also lost her 20 year old son, 11416 Rifleman William Brizzell, 'D' Coy, 6th Bn. Royal Irish Rifles, on 11th August 1915, just two months before she lost her husband. He was killed in the Gallipoli operations and is remembered on the Helles Memorial, Turkey.
Widow Martha Jane Brizzle later lived at 12, Trafalgar Street, Belfast.
BROOKS, Andrew, 19550, Private, 167th Company, Machine Gun Corps (Inf),  formerly 17/960 Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 11th June, 1916, and he is buried in Authuille Military Cemetery, Somme. He was born at Knockboy, Broughshane on the 15 February 1889 and he was the son of John and Margaret Brooks, nee Spence. He lived at 53, Hooker Street, Crumlin Road, Belfast and he enlisted in Belfast. His wife was Margaret Allen. He had married Margaret of 40, Keswick Street, Belfast on the 25 December 1909 in the People's Hall, Dock Street, Belfast.  He was the brother of Robert (below).
BROOKS, Robert, 3356, Private, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on February 27th, 1918, and he is buried in Poelcapelle British Cemetery, Belgium. He was born at Knowehead, Broughshane on the 7 November 1891, the son of John and Margaret Brooks. He enlisted in Enniskillen and lived with wife Margaret at 53, Hooker Street, Crumlin Road, Belfast.
BROWN, Alexander, 79, Rifleman, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on March 21st, 1918, and he is named on the Pozieres Memorial, Somme. He was born on the 10 February 1896 at Ballygallagh, Ballylinney, Ballyclare, enlisted in Ballyclare and lived in Glasgow. He was the son of James and Margaret Brown, nee McAuley. The couple from Kells, Ballymena had married in Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 19 November 1875.
BROWN, George, 17678, Private. 108th Company, Machine Gun Corps (Inf) and formerly 19404 11 Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on July 1st, 1916. He is buried in Connaught Cemetery, Somme. He cannot be positively identified but is remembered in Dundrod Presbyterian Church and was probably born on the 18 May 1896, the son of Robert and Agnes Brown, nee Harper, Randox, Killead, Co Antrim.
BROWN, Hutchinson, 15200, Private, 11th Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), was killed in action on October 20th, 1915. He is buried in Carnoy Military Cemetery, Somme, France. He was born at  Kilcurry, Ahoghill, enlisted in Glasgow, and lived at Busby, Glasgow. A local registration of his birth cannot be found and the issue of who he was is further complicated by the entry in this old record of regimental casualties - 'A' could be have originally been a badly written 'H'. The record also omits place of birth and age on his entry, which is duplicated. The date of death is also different. It is possible he was 'A Hutchinson Brown', that 'Hutchinson' was his mother's maiden name. (The Scottish National War Memorial says 'Hutchison')



Left: BROWN, Joseph, 830415, Private, 44th Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment), died of wounds on 28th September, 1918 and was buried in Bucquoy Road Cemetery, Ficheux.  He lived at lived 304 Laura Street, Winnipeg. He was born at Aughavary, Ahoghill on the 1 August 1892 and his parents were James  and Jane Brown, nee Hollinger, Aughavary, Ahoghill, Co. Antrim.

BROWN, William, 7905, Rifleman, 16th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on July 1, 1916. He is buried in Hamel Military Cemetery, Somme. He was born near Portglenone and the 1901 and 1911 cenus returns show the family at Casheltown and Culnafay respectively.  Both townlands lie between Ahoghill and Portglenone, the latter a little closer to Lough Beg. He enlisted in Ballymena. His wife and daughter lived at Culnafay, Portglenone at the time of his death.
BROWNLEE (Brownlie), Robert Logan, 21990, Private, 1st Cameronians, died of wounds on May 13th, 1918, and he is buried in Arneke British Cemetery, France. He was the son of James and Agnes Brownlee, nee Logan, Dunnygarron, Cullybackey and was born on the 16 December 1894 (recorded as Brownlees).  His mother was later Agnes Wilkie (f. Brownlie) 13, Kinning  Street, Glasgow.
BRUCE, Robert, 24049, Private, 13th King's Liverpool Regiment, was killed in action on the 16 August 1916, and he is named on the Thiepval Memorial. He was born at Cloghogue, Duneane (There are two townlands named Cloghogue. Cloghogue, Duneane is near Toome/Toomebridge and Cloghogue, Drummaul is near Ahoghill) on the 8 February 1882, the son of farmer William and carpenter's daughter Sarah Ann Bruce, nee Stewart, both of Cloghogue, Duneane. The family were at Cloghogue in 1901 and 1911. Local press said Taylorstown, contiguous or the same place, and he enlisted in Manchester.

BRUCE, Robert, 124459, Private, 24th Bn. (Quebec Regiment) Canadian Infantry, missing, later presumed killed in action, on the 18 September 1916, is named on the Vimy Memorial.  He was the son of Mrs. Isabella Bruce, of 7215, Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario.
Robert said on his Canadian papers that he was born in Lanark, Scotland on 22nd October 1893, and the family probably did live in Ireland at one time.  The 1901 Irish census records 40 year old Donald, a ship modelmaker, and  his wife Isabella and six children living in Glasgow Street, Belfast. All were born in Scotland.
The 1911 census lists Donald, now said to be 59 and a ship joiner, and Isabella (43) still at Glasgow Street. They said they had been married 24 years and that they had had 9 children, all of whom were alive in 1911.  Adam, 23 and a marine engineeer, John, 21 and a ship rigger, Agnes, 20 and a flax doffer, Donald, 18 and an apprentice marine engineer, Robert, 16 and a spinning mill worker, Davina, 13 and a spinning mill worker, Bella (9), William (7) and David (4) are recorded.  The first six were born in Scotland.
Members of the family had moved to the USA and Canada before the Great War but we do not know if it was all or just some of the group. Robert was living at 30 Cameron Avenue, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America before enlistment in Canada at Windsor, Ontario on the 26 October 1915. and he was as a dye repairer. He nominated his mother, who was living at 66 Oak Avenue, Hamilton, Ontario, as his next of kin.
It is immediately obvious that there is no evidence to support the Mid Ulster Mail assertion that his father was living at Duneane, Toomebridge, or that any of the family had ever lived there.  William Bruce, Duneane, Toomebridge appears to be the father of  24049 Private Robert Bruce, 13th King's Liverpool Regiment (See above), who was killed in action around the same time on the 16 August 1916.  It seems we are dealing with an error made by local press at the time.
BUCHANAN, 5568 Lance Corporal James, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action at Grugies, France on 21 March 1918, and he is named on the Pozeieres Memorial, Somme. He had enlisted in Motherwell, Scotland. He was born at Wellington Street, Ballymena on the 22 March 1893, and he was the son of watchmaker Andrew Buchanan and his wife Ellen, nee Stewart. The couple, both of Wellington Street, had married in Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 2 September 1889. They were at Church Street at the  time of the 1901 census but by 1911 they were living at Broughshane Road.  CWGC give their address as 'Ralphena', Broughshane Road, Ballymena.
BUCHANAN, 10638 Corporal John, 6th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 10 August 1915 at Gallipoli, and he is named on the Helles Memorial. He was born on the 26 September 1893 at Clogher, Kirkinriola and he was the son of cattle dealer Thomas Buchanan and his wife Elizabeth (Lizzie) Penney (Penny). The couple, from Harryville and Clogher respectively, had married in West Church, Ballymena on the 7 August 1893. John enlisted in Ballymena but he lived in Belfast. The family were at Queen Street in 1901 and Clarence Street in 1911, though Thomas, described as a butcher, had died aged 31 at Queen Street, Ballymena.

The family headstone in St Patrick's Church of Ireland, Ballymarlow reads as follows:
1898
Thy will be done
Erected by Thomas Buchanan in loving memory of his daughter Isabella Buchanan, Harryville, died 17th January 1898
Also his beloved wife Jenny Duncan died 1st May 1899
And his beloved son Thomas died 21st January 1900
And his beloved son John died 13th June 1905
The above Thomas Buchanan died 15th June 1906
Also his grandson David Duncan Buchanan died 15th September 1927
Also his beloved daughter Mary died 7th November 1940
Also his son David Buchanan died 21st April 1941
BURBY (or Burbey) William, S/5140, Private, 11th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, was killed in action on 21 August 1916, and he is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born at on the 19 March 1900 at Carclunty, Dunminning, Craigs, Cullybackey, the son of William James Burby and his wife Margaret (Maggie), nee McClean (sometimes McLean), married in Cuningham Memorial Presbyterian Church on the 20 July 1895. Both parties, children of labourers John and William respectively, were from the Craigs. The family appear in the 1901 and 1911 census returns and are at Carclunty, Dunminning [Caralunty & Carelunty (sic)]. Maggie, 30 in 1901 was previously married and step-brother Joseph Spence lived with the couple and their three children.  They were in 1901 said to be John Steele Burby (4), Matilda Burby (3) and William Burby (1). Mary Ellen Davison, 51 in 1901 and designated mother-in-law, also lived with the family. William is remembered in Cuningham Memorial Presbyterian Church, Cullybackey. He must have been one of the youngest soldiers, not quite 17 years old, from the Ballymena area killed in action.
CAIRNS, John, 302942, Private, 1/8th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, was killed in action on 9 April 1917, and he is buried in Highland Cemetery, Roclincourt, France. Aged 18, he was, as stated on the Scottish National War Memorial, born in Ballycastle, Co. Mayo, though his parents, Robert and Mary Ann Cairns, later lived on Alexander Street, Ballymena. His wife Georgina, nee Moore, whom he had married on the 17 October 1916 in Mariner's Church of Ireland, Belfast, lived at 8, James Street, Ballymena. The couple both gave 115, Nelson Street, Belfast, as their address at the time of their marriage. John's father is described on the marriage certificate as a pedlar.
CALDWELL, James 2863, Private, 1st Otago Regiment, NZEF, was, having embarked on the 9th October 1915, killed in action on the 27 July 1916. He was single and gave his enlistment address as Occidental Hotel, Dunedin.  He is buried in Cite Bonjean Cemetery, Armetieres, France. He was the son of James and Rose Mary Caldwell, nee Dunlop, Dungall, Kirkinriola, Ballymena.  He said he was born on the 15 July 1890 on his New Zealand enlistment papers  but he was actually born at Dungall on the 30 June 1888.  His parents were later to live at 1, Clonavon Road, Ballymena, and had kin at Monaghan, Ballymena; Monaghan townland and Dungall townlands are contiguous.
CALDWELL, 6958 Rifleman John, 16th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds in a hospital in Bailleul on the 29th June 1917.  He was born in Rasharkin and lived there in his youth.  He enlisted in Belfast.  He is buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, France.
No further information is available in the Ballymena press but in the Belfast Newsletter of 7 July 1917 says, 'Rifleman John Caldwell, 6958, 16th Battalion Royal Irish Rifles, husband of Isabella Caldwell of Harper Street, Belfast, died of wounds on 29th June 1917. Deceased is buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, Nord, France.' 
Local records show John Caldwell, 21 and a tram conductor of 7, Beechfield Street, Belfast had married Isabella Maginn, 7, Beechfield Street, Belfast in St Matthew's RC Chapel, Belfast on the 4 July 1909.  John named his father as labourer James Caldwell; Isabella said her father was labourer Joseph.
The 1911 Irish census records Joseph Maginn, 59 and a rigger, at 7, Beechfield Street, Belfast with his wife Mary Jane (49).  John Caldwell, 23 and a 'conductor B C [Belfast City?]tramway', Isabella Caldwell (24), and their infant son Joseph (born 4 March 1911, mother's maiden name recorded as McGinn) lived with him, as did two boarders.
Isabella was later at Harper Street, a street of red brick terraced houses immediately parallel to the similar ones on Beechfield Street.
John's birth registration cannot be found but he was probably the son of James and Anne Caldwell, farmers of Tamlaght, Rasharkin.


Right: CALDWELL (registered as Calwell), Samuel Coleman, 17396, Serjeant, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on July 3, 1916, and he is buried in Puchevillers Cemetery, Somme. He was born on the 1 January 1889, the son of Robert Torrens Calwell and Mary Elizabeth Calwell, nee Coleman, of Ross Lodge, Kells, Co. Antrim. He enlisted in Ballyclare, where he was boarding with John and Maggie Coleman, Ballynure Road, Ballyclare, and he is commemorated in Kells and Eskylane Presbyterian Church and in Ballylinney Presbyterian Church, Ballyclare. His brother John, named in Kells & Eskylane, is recorded as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 18 Royal Irish Rifles.

 

CAMERON, Robert Hugh, 48701, Rifleman, 3rd Bn. New Zealand Rifle Brigade, was killed in action on 12 October 1917, and he is buried in Poelcapelle Cemetery, Belgium. He listed his next of kin as his sister, a Mrs C Smith, Alfredton, Eketahuna, NZ, when he embarked on Tofua with the Reinforcements J Company on the 26th April 1917.  He was born on the 4 April 1876 at Ballycloghan (often Ballycloughan), Skerry (near Broughshane) and was a carpenter. He was the son of John Gardner Cameron, Ballycloghan and Sarah Ann Cameron, nee Gardner, Elgany, Broughshane. The couple had married in 3rd Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 27 January 1871. Robert Hugh is commemorated in the Congregational Church.
CAMERON, 25101 Private David, 7th Royal Irish Regiment (formerly 3151 South Irish Horse), died of wounds on 17 December 1917, and he is buried Tincourt New British Cemetery, Somme. Aged 26, eldest son of William and Margaret Elizabeth Cameron, nee Weir, Cardonaghy, Galgorm. Both parents were schoolteachers, he of the Gloonan, Ahoghill and she of the Grange, and they married in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 11 October 1890. The family were at Corbally in 1901 and at Cardonaghy in 1911, basically the same area. He enlisted in Antrim and he is commemorated 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.


CAMERON James (MM) 160496, Sergeant, 50th Regiment, Canadian Infantry, died of wounds on 5 June 1917, and he is buried Barlin Communal Cemetery, France. Aged circa 25, he was the son of James and Sarah Cameron, nee Service, and had been born at Queen Street, Ballymena on the 13 October 1891.  His parents, both of Ballymena, had married in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church on the 10 November 1884. They later lived at Church Street, Antrim and at Duncairn Gardens and 52 Brookhill Avenue, Belfast.

CAMPBELL, 10556 Private Andrew McBride, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles and Glenarm, was killed in action on the 8 August 1917 when he was aged 18 years old. He had previously served as 5/19111, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. The CWGC record of his death says he was the son of David Campbell, Aughareamlagh, Carnlough.

David Campbell, Rosherry (sic but actually ‘Rathsherry’) married Martha McCreedy, Knockanully on the 14 November 1882 in Newtowncrommelin Presbyterian Church.  They were both 19 years old. The couple had had 11 children by the time of the 1911 Irish census and all were alive at that time. David was then 47 and a caretaker living at Stony Hill, Glencloy, the townland being between Glenarm and Carnlough. His wife was also 47.  They listed the following children: Charles (21), Robert (19), Andrew (12), Martha (10), Maggie (8) and Esther (sic Easter & 7).

They appear in the 1901 Irish Census also. The family were living at Clonetrace, Broughshane and David was a 38-year-old farm labourer. His wife was also 38.  They listed their family thus: John (17), Aggie (13), Charles (11), Robert (9), Thomas (7), Andrew (2), Mary (4), and Martha (infant).

Soldiers Died in the Great War records Andrew as being born in Dumbarton, and he may have been living there at a time and certainly served in the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, but his birth registration says he was Andrew Hutchinson McBride Campbell and born on the 25 August 1898 at Coreen, Broughshane. Indeed, the family are strongly connected with the area, e.g. Charles was born on 25 December 1889 at Killygore, Robert was born on the 17 December 1891 at Killygore, Thomas was born at Legnagooly on the 19 May 1894, and Mary Elizabeth at Coreen on the 19 August 1896. Moreover, the family headstone is in 1st Broughshane Presbyterian Churchyard. It reads:
1940
Erected by David Campbell Carnlough,
to the memory of his beloved wife Martha Campbell who died 10th April 1940 aged 76 years
Also the above named David Campbell who died 21st Dec 1948 aged 85 years
And their son Andrew Campbell who fell in action, in France, August 1917 aged 18 years
Also their son John Campbell died 22nd Feb 1964
CAMPBELL, David, 47268, Private, 1st. Bn. Otago Regiment, NZEF, was killed in action on the 23 October 1918 - Vertigneul and Romeries were both taken by the 1st Otago Regiment, the 2nd Canterbury Regiment and the 8th Lancashire Fusiliers on 23 October 1918.   He had left NZ on Willochra on the 9th June 1917 as one of the 26th Reinforcement Otago Infantry, 'D' Company. He was a farmer, the the son of Margaret Campbell, Gillistown, Ballyscullion, Co Antrim, but he had been born at Partick, Scotland.   Margaret (42) was a widow living with sons Henry (10) and David (7) at Gillistown in 1901 and she and David (18) were listed there, aged 54,  in 1911.  She said she had been married for 30 years in 1911 and that five of her six children were then still alive. He is buried in Vertigneul Churchyard, Romeries, Nord, France.

CAMPBELL, S/8176 Private Robert, 7th Seaforth Highlanders, was killed in action on 10 July 1916, and he is named on Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was from Fernagh, Rasharkin, though he had worked as a miner in the coalmines near Glasgow before the war and it was in Glasgow that he enlisted on 24th April 1915.  He was the son of Alexander and Liza Campbell. The couple were from Cullybackey. Alexander Campbell, a labourer from Hillmount, Cullybackey and son of John Campbell, had married Eliza Jane Bailey (Bailie sic), daughter of carpenter Thomas Bailey from Dreen, Cullybackey, in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 29 January 1875.  Private Campbell's sister lived at Mrs. William Kirkpatrick, 12 Albert Place, Ballymena.


Right: CAMPBELL, 18961 Private Robert Alexander, 11th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on 1st July 1916, and he is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born on the 19 March 1889 at Gallanagh, Connor, close to Kells, the son of John and Euphemia Campbell, nee McBride.  The couple married on the 11 June 1886 in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church. John was from a farmer Gallanagh, his father being Robert, and she from Tobergill, somewhat closer to Antrim and her father was called Willliam. The couple appear in the 1901 census, both 37, and list six children, Robert being then the second listed and 12 years old. Robert Alexander Campbell enlisted in Belfast and he lived at Maryhill, Glasgow.

CAMPBELL, 17356 Rifleman William John, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on July 1st, 1916 and he is buried Ancre British Cemetery, Somme. He was born on the 23 April 1876 in Kells, the son of William John Cambell and his wife Mary Brown.  His father, William John Cambell had been born at Straid, Ahoghill and he married Mary Brown of Kells in the Registrar's Office, Ballymena on the 18 December 1875. Shoemaker William John Campbell, Hope Street, Larne married Margaret Jane McIlhinney, St John's Place, Larne in Gardenmore Presbyterian Church on the 3 August 1896. Her father was a sailor, his a labourer. The family later lived at 36 Waterloo Road, Larne.
CAREY, Charles, 27608, Private, 7/8th Royal Irish Fusiliers, died of wounds on 21 November 1917, and he is buried Bucquoy Road Cemetery, Pas de Calais. He was born at Omerbane, Cloughmills on the 25 April 1895, the son of farmer Bernard Carey, recorded as Keary, and Magey (Margaret) McCallister or McAlister. The couple had married in Cloughmills RC Chapel on the 10 October 1875.  All of their nine children were alive in 1911. Charles enlisted in Bathgate, Scotland but home was still Omerbane, Cloughmills.
CAREY, 23154 Private John, 8th Royal Irish Fusiliers, died of wounds on 27 April 1916, and he is named on the Loos Memorial. He was born at Glenbuck, Rasharkin and near Ballymena on the 8 March 1897, the son of farmer John Carey and his wife Elizabeth Reynolds. He enlisted in Belfast and was the husband of widow Rosetta Lewis, nee McKane, whom he had married on the 14 March 1916 in St Joseph's RC Church, Belfast. He is recorded as John Carey, soldier, Victoria Barracks, Belfast, and his bride, daughter of deceased farmer Hugh O'Kane,  lived at 46, Weaver Street, Belfast.


CAREY (Sometimes incorrectly Cary, M'Cary), Rondaine Tristram 17359, Private, 11th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, died in Ballymena Workhouse Infirmary of measles on February 27, 1915. He was then 19 years old. He was born in Liverpool and was the son of Henry Stevenson and Wilhelmina Margretta Carey.  He is buried in Ballymena New Cemetery, Cushendall Road.

CARLISLE, 306911 Private Thomas McLenaghan, 1/8th The King's (Liverpool Regiment), was killed in action on 11 September 1916, and he is named on Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born at Ballytresna, Randalstown on the 7 August 1895 and was the son of farmer Thomas Carlisle and his wife Eliza Ann Hives. The couple married in Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 22 June 1891. He was at Ballytresna, Drummaul in 1901 and 1911 but he enlisted and lived Liverpool. There were seven children in the family by 1911- Rose (Roseanna, 1891), William John (1893), Thomas McLenaghan (1895), Maria (1897), Samuel (1899), Elizabeth Ann (1901) and Agnes Parker (1904).


Original 'Dog Tag' - Identity Disc


Right: CARLETON (Carlton) David, 12/19245, Rifleman,  11th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on the 10 November 1916, and he is buried La Plus Douve Cemetery, Belgium. He was born on the 21 January 1887 at Bracknamuckley, Portglenone, the son of weaver Hugh Carleton and his wife Margaret Ann McLean (also Margaret Anne McClean). The couple had married on the 14 March 1873 in Portglenone Parish Church.  They lived at Glenhugh, Ahoghill in 1901 and at Killane, Ahoghill in 1911. David married Mary McNeice, daughter of James McNeice, Tullygowan, Gracehill on the 25 April 1915 in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church, giving his details as 'soldier,' 'Newtownards, Co Down'.

David had enlisted in Belfast and lived with wife Mary at Tullygown, Gracehill.

CARMICHAEL Robert, S/7056, Lance Corporal, 2nd Royal Highland Regiment (Black Watch),  died of wounds on January 9th, 1916, and he is buried in Amara War Cemetery, Iraq. He was born at Leck, Ballymoney on the 21 May 1888, the son of Daniel and Mary Carmichael, nee Brown. He was living at Kells, Ballymena with widow Elizabeth (Eliza) at the time of the 1901 and 1911 census. He is recorded as a grandson. His father Daniel, a quarryman working in Ballyboyland Quarry, Ballymoney, was killed in the quarry in an accidental explosion of dynamite on the 25 January 1906; his colleague Robert O'Neill died in Ballymoney infirmary. Robert enlisted in Kirkintilloch, Scotland and local press said he lived with his aunt at Tannybrake (or now Tawnybrack), Kells.


CARROLL, 4051 Private Robert, 1st Royal Irish Regiment, died of wounds on 7 August 1919, and he is buried at Crebilly RC Chapel Burying Ground .  He was born on the 15 October 1874 at Henry Street, Harryville, Ballymena and he was the son of 'gas man' Henry Carroll and his wife Mary Ann Farrel.

Robert, a 20 year old plasterer of Railway Street, Ballymena married Martha Keenan, a milliner of Mill Row, Ballymena in All Saints RC Church on the 6 April 1896. She died of pulmonary tuberculosis on the 13 June 1908, leaving at least one child called Martha.   The family had been living with pedlar Daniel Keenan and his wife Mary at the time of the 1901 census.

He married his second wife, a widow named Sarah McTrustry (sometimes Metrustry) of Broughshane street, Ballymena on the 3 October 1909. Her previous husband had been Patrick McTrustry, Ballycowan, Ballymena and she was Sarah O'Hara, 14, Larne Street, Ballymena at the time of the marriage, the 4 February 1896.   The 1911 census records 43 year old Sarah, a 'char woman', at Broughshane Street, Ballymena with children - Charles Metrustry (14), Mary Metrustry (12) and infant Robert Carroll. She confirmed she had been married for two years and had had by 1911 one child during her second marriage.

Robert Carroll died at 13, Cape Street, Belfast, said to be the address of his daughter M. Carroll. The record of his death says he died of 'general paralysis, 3 years', this being presumably the result of his military service. His wife Sarah still lived at Broughshane Street, Ballymena.


CARSON, John, Private, 315th Infantry Regiment, 79th Division, US Army, died of wounds on 5/6 November 1918. He was killed near Sedan, France and he is buried in the Meuse-Argonne Cemetery.  He lived in Philadelphia and was the third son of schoolteacher John and Margaret Carson, nee Kernohan, Drumcon/Craigs, Cullybackey and he was born on the 25 September 1893. The parents, both from Craigs, Cullybackey, had married in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 21 January 1882. He is commemorated in Cuningham Memorial Presbyterian Church, Cullybackey and named on the family headstone in the Pound Cemetery, Cullybackey.

Left: CARUTH, James Gordon, 2nd Lieutenant, 5th Royal Irish Rifles, attached 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on September 25, 1915 and he is remembered on the Ypres Memorial (Menin Gate), Belgium. He was born on the 3 September 1896 at St Pancras, London and in 1901 was living at 14 Park Road, Mitcham, Surrey.  He was the  son of solicitor James Davis and Constance Helen Caruth, Hugomont, Ballymena. He is commemorated in West Church Presbyterian Church, Ballymena.

James Gordon Caruth was lost during a diversionary attack made by the 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles and others as part of the Battle of Loos, the men being ordered to keep the Germans bogged down in the Ypres Salient while others made the attack further south.

The History of the First Seven battalions of The Royal Irish Rifles in the Great War, Vol. II By Cyril Falls says, 'The V Corps was attacking between the Menin road and the Roulers railway. The 2nd Royal Irish Rifles was to be on the left flank of its division, and its objective was the southern half of the western shore of Bellewaarde Lake and an imaginary continuation of this 200 yards farther south. Its advance, from the present British line covering Hooge, was to be, therefore, in a north-easterly direction. On its right was to be the 2nd South Lancashire ...'.

Speaking of the action General Haldane said of the unit, 'the Royal Irish Rifles notwithstanding the enemy’s preparation, not only pierced the German lines but actually held their first line trenches for 24 hours, but on account of the corps on their flanks failing to achieve their object, the battalion was unfortunately obliged to retire to their own lines, having no one in support on their flanks.'

The action cost much. The losses of the 7th Brigade were 23 officers and 706 other ranks killed, wounded, and missing. Half of these casualties to its brigade befell the 2nd Royal Irish Rifles. Its total losses were I5 officers and 316 other ranks killed, wounded, and missing. Caruth and six others were from Ballymena were among them.

Left: CATHCART, Second Lieutenant David Andrew, 7th Battalion, Queens Own Royal West Kent Regiment, was killed in action on the 13 July 1916 when aged 33; he was said to have been born on the 31 August 1884 at Ballymena, County Antrim.
He had married Emma Mahala Weeks in St Paul's Church, Canterbury on 2 December 1909 and he became the father of Ewart Aliwal Andrew Cathcart, and Hazel May Cathcart, of The White Lodge, Bearsted, Maidstone, Kent. Emma died on the 19 March 1917.
At the time of the 1911 census he was at Netheravon Cavalry School, Wiltshire and was 5066 Sergeant David Cathcart, 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys). On the 17 August 1914 he was posted to the British Expeditionary Force and on 1 December 1915 he was commissioned.

2nd Lt David Cathcart was killed Cathcart was killed in fierce fighting around Trones Wood. ‘B’ and ‘C’ Companies of his West Kent battalion took up positions in the southern end of Trones Wood, while ‘D’ Company waited in support on the eastern edge of Bernafay Wood.  'A' Company were somewhat further to the rear on the evening of 12th July. The West Kent role was to assist in clearing the wood from south to north in preparation of a major attack on the 14th.

Their effort helped secure the right of the British attack and was written of appreciatively by General Maxse, Commanding Officer of the 18th Division, but it had cost the Royal West Kents about 250 casualties, among them Cathcart. He had been "pierced" by shrapnel and died without gaining consciousness.
Cathcart’s valet wrote to Cathcart's widow and said, "He died doing his duty, leading his transport to the last. A braver man there could not have been; even when he was so badly wounded, he gave orders for the transport to get out of the danger. He died within an hour of being hit. I could not have lost a greater friend".
Emma Cathcart, apparently unable to accept her husband’s death,  died less than a year later on the  19 March 1917.
David’s brother John lived at Alfred Street, Ballymena, his sister at Slatt, and his father, the late James, was formerly of Slatt. He is commemorated 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.


The account of the action at Trones Wood is loosely based on material from The Queens Own Royal West Kent Regiment 1914 -1919 by Captain C T Atkinson, published by N & M Press.


2nd Lt David Cathcart - Obituary from The Times, 26 July 1916

CATHCART, 14206 Private John, 2nd Scots Guards, died after being gassed on 26 September 1918, and he is buried Terlincthun British Cemetery, Pas de Calais. Aged circa 30, he was the son of William Cathcart and Mary McClean, Tullygarley. The couple were married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 18 August 1882 and they appear to have moved to Scotland soon afterwards. At some point they returned and the 1901 census records Eliza Cathcart (77), her unmarried daughter Mary (45) and three grandchildren - John (13), Sarah (11) and Willie (8). The children had all been born in Scotland. They were still at Tullygarley in 1911. Eliza (88) and Mary (56)  lived with Sarah (21) and William (17); William and Sarah were the beneficiaries of John's will. John had possibly returned to Scotland to enlist in the Scots Guards. He is commemorated 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.
CATHCART, Robert, K/6681, Stoker First Class, HMS Anchusa, Royal Navy, died on July 16, 1918. He is named Plymouth Naval Memorial, Portsmouth. Born on the 7 May 1894 at Tullygarley, Ballymena, he was the son of railway employee David and Agnes (sometimes Nancy) Cathcart, nee Strain, Tullygarley. The couple had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 3 February 1882. David was a widower from Tullygarley and his bride was from Ballee. They were at Tullygarley in 1901 and 1911, and on the latter date the couple said they had had eight children and all were alive at the time of the census. Robert was their sixth child.
David Hepper's book, British Warship in the Ironclad Era 1860-1919, explains what befell Robert Cathcart and HMS Anchusa. He says,  'Having sailed from Lough Swilly on 14 July, she screened a homeward-bound convoy off the Northern Ireland coast the following morning and was then ordered to return to Lough Swilly. On the way she was diverted to assist with a search or a submarine reported in the area, but without success, after which she resumed her passage to Lough Swilly. At 2:07am she was hit on the starboard side by two torpedoes fired from a submerged U 54 (von Ruckteschell). She broke up and sank rapidly, going under in just two minutes, the boilers exploding as she sank. Twelve survivors were picked up the following morning...' The German account is similar. Submarine U 54 reportedly fired two torpedoes while surfaced, both of which hit, and the steamer sank rapidly after a secondary explosion. U 54 was unable to establish the identity of the ship it had sunk.
Robert Cathcart is commemorated locally in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.

CATHCART, William Rea, 7716, Private, 16th Australian Infantry, died at No 3 NZ Military Hospital, England. He was born on the 30 January 1887 at Moat Road, Ballymena and was the the son of Thomas and Margaret (Maggie) Cathcart. The couple had married in Great Victoria Street Church, Belfast on the 23 December 1871. She was from Belfast and he was a joiner born in Ballymena, the son of  farmer James Cathcart. Margaret's father Hugh ran a 'postal establishment'. The moved to Ballymena and were ultimately at Windsor Terrace, Kinhilt Street, Ballymena. He is buried in Codford St Mary New Cemetery, Wiltshire, England and named in Ballymena New Cemetery, Cushendall Road.


Cathcart, single, almost 5 feet 9 inches tall and 150 lbs weight, was a bookkeeper by trade.  He lived in Perth, Western Australia and enlisted there on 27th May 1917.  He sailed from Sydney on HMAT Medic on the 1st August 1917, landed in Liverpool on 3rd October 1917,  but died of disease on the 25th November 1917.  He was initially admitted to Australian Group Hospital on the 9th November with gastritis but transferred to the New Zealand hospital where he subsequently died from diabetes. See Ballymena Australians.

CAULFIELD, 678241 Lance Sergeant Samuel James, 116th (Ontario County) Battalion, Canadian Infantry, was born on the 12 August 1890 at Dunminning, Cullybackey. His father Samuel, a labourer, had married Annie McCart, also of Kilcreen (Killycreen) and daughter of labourer William McCart, in the Registrar’s Office, Ballymena on the 10th November 1883. Samuel Caulfield had enlisted in the 169th Battalion in Toronto on the 24 January 1916 and he gave his address as 62, Greenwood Avenue, Toronto (later addresses 12, Luttrell Avenue and 113, Pape Street, Toronto).  He also said he had previously served six years in the Royal Canadian Regiment. He died of shrapnel wounds in the CCS on the  20 December 1917.    See Ballymena Canadians.
CLARK (Clarke on SNWM), 31310 Private William, 2 Royal Scots, was killed in action on 26 September 1917. He is named on the Tyne Cot Memorial.  The CWGC say he was  aged 20, and that he enlisted and lived in Glasgow. He was the son of George and Margaret Clark, Garvaghy, Portglenone. He is commemorated 1st Portglenone Presbyterian Church.
CLARKE, Able Seaman Edmund, Mercantile Marine, died on the 21st April 1918 when aged 27 years. He was lost on S.S. Westergate (Cardiff) when it was sunk by the UB 80 (Commander Max Viebeg). The 1,760grt defensively-armed vessel went down 22 miles from Start Point after being torpedoed without warning and twenty-four lives were lost.
Edmund Clarke was the son of James and Catherine Clarke, of The Kennels, Glenarm, Co. Antrim.
James Clarke was a gamekeeper on the Glenarm demesne and had married Catherine Dinsmore, daughter of sailor Robert Dinsmore and his wife Margaret Inglis, in Glenarm in September 1889. Edmund was born circa 1891, though no record of his birth can be found.
CLARKE, 300 Lance Corporal E (Edmund), 1st Bn. Royal Irish Rifles, died on the 2nd October 1918 and was aged 21 years. He was the son of labourer Edward and Margaret Clarke, nee Stewart, of 15, Calvin St., Brushbridge Rd., Belfast. He was a native of Co. Antrim and had been born at Deer Park, Glenarm on the 18th October 1896.


CLARKE (Clark) Henry, 21929, Private, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, died of wounds on March 26th, 1918, and he is buried St. Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, France. He enlisted Harthill and  lived at Lanark, West Lothian.  He was aged 25 years and his family were at 45 Springwell Street, Ballymena. He is commemorated Buckna Presbyterian Church.
CLARKE, James, Private, Canadians, KIA, Commemorated in  1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.

Right: CLARKE, Captain John, 1st/1st Welsh Field Ambulance, was killed in action on 9 September 1915. He was a single man, the son of William Clarke, Boot & Shoe Manufacturer and his wife Mary Ann White.  The couple had married in May Street Presbyterian Church on the 12 July 1877.  He said then that he was from Belfast and a shoemaker, the son of John Clarke, a farmer.  She said she was from Ballymena, the daughter of John White, a flax dresser.
The couple were living at High Street, Ballymena in 1901. William (46) and Mary Ann (47) lived with his sister Mary (39) and they listed eight children – James (22 and a solicitor), Cassie (20), William (19), John (18), Thomas Hugh (16), Lizzie and May (12) and Jane (8).  They were still there in 1911 and stated that they had been married for 33 years and that nine of their ten children were still alive.
John educated at Ballymena Academy, at Queens College, Belfast and at Edinburgh University, qualifying L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S. & L.F.P.S. in 1906. He was a doctor living at Hillcroft, Aberbargoed, Monmouthshire. He gained a commission on the outbreak of the Great War, becoming a Lieutenant in the R.A.M.C. (T.F.) on 24th October 1914. He was then attached as medical officer to  the 3rd Bn. Monmouthshire Regiment. He was a Captain in the 1/1st Welsh Field Ambulance by 1915 when he joined the battles in Gallipoli on 9th August.
The unit war diary of 17th September 1915 says, ‘The hospital tent ... was fired upon by the Turks, Lieut. Clarke being mortally wounded. Four Australians were also hit and one who had been admitted for dysentery.’ A letter sent to his family gave further details. It said that ‘While attending to a patient in the dressing-shed he was hit, and those with him were wounded, as the shell burst right over our post, and while trying to save the lives of others he received his fatal wounds. He was conscious during the short time he lived, and his only thoughts were for others. He had very little pain, but the huge loss of blood made his case quite hopeless from the first, and he knew it.... He only lived half an hour after he was wounded, and last evening at 7 o’clock we laid him to rest on the seashore.’ They indicated that the loss of one 'so full of energy, and so active in doing all he could for those in need of his skill' was a severe blow.

Captain John Clarke is buried in Hill 10 Cemetery, Gallipoli, and he is commemorated Wellington Street Presbyterian Church, Ballymena, then just round the corner from his home, his brother's solicitor's office, and his father's factory, all on High Street.

CLARKE, 243 Rifleman Robert James, 'C' Coy, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 2 September 1918, and he is buried in Nieuwkerke Churchyard, Belgium. He was born on the 5 October 1898 at Craigmore, Randalstown, the son of widower and whitesmith John Clarke and his wife Mary White, a domestic servant who had been born in Londonderry. The couple had married in Randalstown OC on the 12 July 1897.  They were both from Craigmore and were still living there in 1901 and 1911.  They had three children, Robert James, Hugh John and Mary A.
Robert enlisted in Belfast and lived at Taylorstown, Grange. Robert was the grandson of Mary Ann Underwood, Groggan, Randalstown, as stated on his CWGC record of death, and he was recorded as a 14 year old boarder at her house in Groggan in 1911. She was then 79, the wife of Charles Underwood a 'Civil Bill Officer' and aged 76.
Robert is commemorated Grange Presbyterian Church.

CLARKE, MC, 2nd Lieutenant Richard Stanley,  47th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps (Inf.) [formerly 5266 Acting Colour Serjeant, Denbigh Yeomanry & 52724 Acting Colour Serjeant, MGC],  was killed in action by a sniper on 4th/5th October,  1918  and in the circumstances outlined in the press report above. He was the son of Dr. Thomas Clarke, Liverpool, formerly of Ahoghill, and he is buried at Vielle Chapelle New Military Cemetery.  He was awarded his MC posthumously 'for bravery at the Somme', suggesting that it was given for actions during the Second Battle of the Somme, August-September 1918 - see  Edinburgh Gazette, 13 January 1919,  Issue 13385, p.258. It reads,

'Temporary 2nd Lt. Richard Stanley Clarke, 47th Bn., Machine Gun Corps.

For conspicuous gallantry while in command of four guns. When the enemy counter-attacked and pushed back the infantry on the left, his guns were left out in front. Though he had two guns knocked out, he stuck to his position, and collected and brought back some of the infantry to the line of his two remaining guns. By his courage and leadership he materially helped to keep the left flank of the line intact.'
CLOSE, 4258 Private John, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, died of wounds as POW on the 23 September 1918 and he is buried Niederzwehren Cemetery, Germany. He was born on the 4 March 1896 at Castle Street, Ballymena and was the son of John and Matilda Close, nee Stuart.  Millworker John Close of Galgorm, son of John, had married 21 year old Matilda Stuart (recorded as Stewart), 63, Railway Street, Ballymena in St Patrick's Parish Church, Ballyclug on the 23 March 1896. They were living at 115 Cambrai Street, Belfast at the time of their son's death.The 1911 census earlioer recoded them at Railway Street, Ballymena. John was 40, his wife 38. His son John was 15 and a millworker.   Children Elizabeth (15), Richard (10) and Robert (8) had beeen born in Glasgow, Scotland, and Martha, infant, in Ballymena.
The family relocations probably reflect their involvement in the textile industry.
COCHRANE, John Harvey, 18891, Sergeant, 12th  Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on March 24th, 1918 at St. Quentin. He is named Pozieres Memorial, Somme. Aged 33, he was born at Craigs, Cullybackey, and his wife Jeannie lived at 32, Harperstown, Cullybackey. He was the brother of Thomas and Hugh (Canadian Forces)- see Ballymena Canadian entry.

John Harvey Cochrane's Death - Reported in Ballymena Observer, 10 May1918

John Harvey's Cochrane, Ballymena Weekly Telegraph, 1st April 1922


Family Grave, Craigs Parish Church

COCHRANE Thomas Hill, 59175, Lance Corporal, 21st Bn. (East Ontario Regiment), Canadians, was shot in the chest by a sniper while trying to recover a wounded colleague, on November 11th, 1915. He is buried in Ridge Wood Military Cemetery, Belgium. He was the son of John and Margaret Cochrane, Craigs, Cullybackey and brother of John above. He had emigrated to Canada in 1910 and had married Bertha McDonald in 1912.  The couple lived in Bowmanville, Ontario.

 

The third serving brother was Lieutenant Hugh Henry Cochrane, Canadian forces.  He was born on 15th April 1879 and was married to Mary Florence Cochrane. The couple lived in Athabasca, Alberta and he served in the Royal North West Mounted Police.  He had previously spent 15 years in the Scottish Yeomanry and had served in the South African Constabulary.


COLGAN, 19418 Rifleman Thomas James, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 22 October 1916 and he is buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, France. He was born on the 1 January 1875 at Robert Street, Ballymena and was the son of coachbuilder Thomas Colgan and his wife Martha McMullen. He was the husband of Catherine Colgan, nee McIlroy of Tullygarley, and the couple had married in Ahoghill Parish Church on the 28 November 1896. The 1911 census records them at Clonavon Road, Ballymena. Thomas was then a yarn bundler and he and Catherine said they had had seven children, all of them alive in 1911. Records show they had a total of ten children with additional Frederick born on 31 October 1911, Alexander born on the 24 September 1913 and Martha born on the 23 September 1915. Rose McGrath, 78 and designated 'grandmother', lived with them and had assisted at the birth of several of the children.  The family had variously lived at Leighinmohr, North Street and Mill View, Galgorm Street, Ballymena.


COLGAN, 4291 Private Thomas, 1/5th Seaforth Highlanders, died of wounds from wounds received on 30 July 1916, and he is buried Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, Somme. He was the son of Thomas James and Catherine Colgan (above) and had been born at Leighinmohr, Ballymena on the 21 October 1897. His widowed mother lived at Galgorm Street, Ballymena.

Right: CONWAY, Andrew, 50587, Private, 10th Cheshire Regiment, formerly 30457 Leicestershire Regiment (badge seen in photograph) and who had enlisted in Oakhan, Rutland, died of wounds on 23 July 1917 and he is be is buried in Dickebusch New Military Cemetery Extension, Belgium. He was born on the 7 August 1893 at Granny, Tobermore, the son of William John Conway, farmer of Granny, Tobermore, and his wife Ellen Kelly, farmer of Brackaghlislea. The couple had married on 1 October 1885 in Keenaght RC Chapel.

Andrew Conway married Elizabeth Scullion in All Saints RC Church, Ballymena on the 26 December 1914.  He was then a saddler living in William Street, Ballymena; Elizabeth lived in Galgorm Street, Ballymena. His wife Elizabeth was still at at Galgorm Street, Ballymena at the time of his death.

CONWAY, 40345 Gunner Peter, "V" 8th Trench Mortar Battery, 3rd Lahore Division, Indian Ammunition Division, Royal Garrison Artillery, died (how unknown) on 27 April 1918 and he is named on Tyne Cot Memorial.  He was born at 3.00 am on 1 April 1893 (Twin sister Mary was born at 4.00 am), the only son of Patrick and Elizabeth Conway, nee Bateson, Aughacarnaghan, Toomebridge, Duneane, Co Antrim. Railway labourer Patrick had married Elizabeth Beatson (spelling as recorded) on the 17 January 1893 in Cargin R C Chapel, Duneane.

Left: COOKE, 19441 Lance Corporal Thomas Haslett, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1 July 1916 and he is named on the Thiepval Memorial. He was born at Larne Street, Ballymena on the 18 August 1896, the son of mechanic Alexander Cooke and his wife Bella McCart. He enlisted Belfast. He is commemorated 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.

COOPER, 18917 Rifleman Robert, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1 July 1916. He was originally said to be missing on that date but his body was found in 1917, and he is buried Ancre British Cemetery, Somme. He had been born on the 13 March 1892 at Tullynamullen, Kells and he was the son of James Cooper and  Mary Jane Kidd, both of Magherabeg, Kells. They had married on 24 October 1874 in 3rd Ballymena Presbyterian Church (Wellington Street). Robert is named in Kells Presbyterian Church.
COULTER, 3473 Private Alexander, 2nd Irish Guards, was killed in action on 21 July 1917 and he is buried in Canada Farm Cemetery. He was born at Slavanagh, Portglenone on the 6 March 1890 and he was the son of John Coulter and Sarah Richmond, the couple having married on the 3 June 1881.  The family were later from Tullynahinnion/Drumraw, Cullybackey and Alexander is commemorated at 1st Portglenone Presbyterian Church. Alexander Coulter enlisted at Brentwood, Essex and he was married to Edith Emma Wallis, Romford, Essex.
COULTER, 7263 Rifleman James, 7263, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1 July 1916 and he is named Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born on the 18 October 1896 at Glebe, Ahoghill and was the son of Robert Coulter and Ellen Campbell, later of Creagh, Randalstown (1901) and Drumanaway, Randalstown (1911).
COULTER, 14250 Private Robert, 9th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on the Somme on the 1 July 1916.  He was a child of labourer James Coulter and his wife Maggie Bryans, and son Robert was born on the 17 December 1895 at Aughlurch, County Fermanagh, the townland lying about midway between Brookeborough and Fivemiletown. He had enlisted in 1914 at Finner Camp, and he had gone to France with his unit on 25th November 1915.
The 1901 census shows Robert at age 5 and living with his family in Killarbran, Corrylongford, County Fermanagh, but he is not recorded with the family in 1911 when they were at Cooltrane, Brookeborough, County Fermanagh. We know, however, that Robert Coulter was living and working in Ballymena for a long period before the Great War.
He is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme.
COULTER, 13869 Private Thomas, 9th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on 1 July 1916 and is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born at James Street, Ballymena on the 5 May 1884, the son of William Coulter and Sarah Quinn.  The couple had married in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church on the 27 March 1875. The family later lived Moat Road, Harryville, Ballymena. Thomas is commemorated in Wellington St. Presbyterian Church.


COULTER, 267106 Lance Corporal Thomas J, 6th Royal Highland Regiment (Black Watch),  was killed in action on the 28 May 1918 and he is buried in Ecoivres Military Cemetery, France. He was born on the 8 October 1889 at Crossland Road, Glasgow, the son of Mr. and Mrs. N. Coulter, of Govan, Glasgow. He enlisted in Glasgow and lived in White Street, Govan (Crookston Street, Glasgow in 1901).  He had married Matilda Wylie on the 31 December 1913 in St Anthony's RC Church, Glasgow and she lived at Drumsough, Randalstown.

Right: COURTNEY 20/40 Rifleman Robert, 20th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds in Belfast (He had been wounded July 1st, 1917) on November 13, 1917. He is buried in 3rd Ahoghill (Brook Street) Presbyterian Church. He was born on the 14 February 1896 at Limnaharry, Ahoghill and was the the son of textile labourer Robert Courtney and his wife Elizabeth Ervine. There were at least four children in the family and the eldest, Elizabeth, 9 in 1901, had been born in Glasgow, Scotland. In 1911 Elizabeth was a 42 year old widow and grocer living at High Street, Ballymena with her children William John (18), Robert (15) and Minne or Mary Ellen (1).  Robert is commemorated in West Presbyterian Church, Ballymena.


COWAN, Lieutenant Adam E., Lieutenant, 82nd Field Company, Royal Engineers, was killed in action on 18 November 1916. He is buried in Connaught Cemetery, Somme. He was the only son of John Cowan and his wife Susan McCalmont of 'Rathcavan', Broughshane Street, Ballymena. The couple had married in May Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast on the 25 June 1879. He was a shop keeper from Ballymena and she was the daughter of a Belfast printer. Adam is commemorated in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church, and on the family headstone in Racavan (sometimes Rathcavan or Rocavan) Cemetery.


CRAIG, 24125 Private David Barkley, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on 14 October 1918. He is buried in Dadizeele New British Cemetery. He was born on the 22 June 1891 at Andraid, Drummaul and was the son of William Craig and Eliza Foster, the couple having married in the Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 20 April 1872. David enlisted in Carrickfergus as the family, as indicated by the 1901 and 1911 census returns, had long been resident in Newington Avenue, Larne, and where David's name appears on the local war memorial and on the family headstone in Larne (Greenland) Cemetery, Craigyhill, Larne. His father, brothers and sisters lived in 13 Newington Avenue, Larne at the time of his death.

Left: CRAIG, 4934 Rifleman Adam, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 15 August 1917 and he is named on the Ypres Memorial (Menin Gate). He was born at Lisnafillon, Ahoghill, the son of Adam Craig and his wife Eliza Steele.  Adam, 22 year old son of engineman James, was a bleacher from Dunminning, Cullybackey and his bride was the 21 year old daughter of William from Tullygrawley, Cullybackey. They married in Ballymena Register Office on the 6 March 1875. 4934 Adam Craig's wife, born Jane Anderson and daughter of labourer William of Ballymena, had married him in High Kirk Presbyterian Church, Ballymena on the  17 April 1908. The family lived at Bridge End, Galgorm, and in 1908 Adam described himself as a beetler in the linen industry. He is commemorated in Cullybackey UF Church.

CRAIG, 3/6483 Private Daniel, 8/10th Gordon Highlanders, was killed in action on 30 July 1916 and he is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born on the 9 November 1882 at Grange Park, Ballyscullion, Toome and he enlisted in Leith, Scotland. He was the son of Daniel Craig and his wife Mary Kilpatrick. The family were still at Ballyscullion in 1901 but were later associated with James Street, Harryville, Ballymena.
237361 Private John Craig, then living at 165 Carlton Street, Toronto, enlisted in the 204th OS Battalion and went to the 164th Battalion for active service.  He was, however, originally from Fernisky, Kells, his parents, who married in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church on the 23 May 1884, being Samuel Craig and Jane Brownlee or Brownlees. His father (40) was an fireman and engine driver in 1901 and he and Jane (37) listed eight children: Lizzie (17), Martha (15), John (14), Minnie (12), Maggie (11), Jeanie (9), Robert (6) and William (2). The 1911 census lists Samuel (50) as a stoker, Jane (48), Lizzie (26), John (23 and a farmer), Mary (22) and Sarah M (5). John said he was born on 10th June 1886, but actually the 10 June 1887, and he was a single labourer when he enlisted. He listed his mother as his next of kin but stated that his sister Minnie lived at 71 River Street, Toronto. See Ballymena Canadians
CRAIG, 13674 Private John, 7th Royal Scots Fusiliers, was killed in action on the 26 September 1915 and he is named on the Loos Memorial. He was born on the 28 April 1892 at Cloghogue, Drummaul and was the son of William Kernohan Craig and his wife Mary Jane Leith. William K Craig, labourer and son of farmer James Craig, married Mary Jane Leith, Slatt, daughter of farmer Samuel, in 1st Presbyterian Church. He is commemorated in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.
CRAIG, 114556 Private Robert, C, Borden's Motor Machine Gun Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps, was killed in action by shellfire on 27th September 1916. He said he was born at Gracehill, and his mother Elizabeth Craig lived at Gracehill, Ballymena. Registration records cannot be found to confirm details but he appears to have been the son of Joseph Craig and his wife Elizabeth Nicholl. He is commemorated on Vimy Memorial. See Ballymena Canadians
CRAWFORD, 7821 Rifleman Alexander,  2nd Royal Irish Fusiliers, died 16 October 1917 from Malaria in No. 42 General Hospital, Salonika. He was born Procklis, Drummaul on the 9 May 1883 and was the son of William Crawford and Isabella Mills.  He was the husband of Eliza O'Neill whom he had married aged 19 in Skerry Parish Church (CoI) on the 20 November 1903; he is recorded as a Private in the Royal Irish Rifles and from Ahoghill. He enlisted in Ballymena, and wife Elizabeth, lived at Dunaird/Roughan, Broughshane. He is buried in  Mikra British Cemetery, Kalamaria, Greece.
CRAWFORD, 3852 Rifleman James,  2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 16 July 1916.  He was born in Ballymena, enlisted Ballykinlar, lived Belfast. He is buried in Ovillers Military Cemetery (Mash Valley Memorial), Somme, France. he left his effects to wife Mary, daughter Isabella and sons William and John.
CRAWFORD, 7/1673 Rifleman John, died of pulmonary tuberculosis and aged 25 years on the 24 December 1918. He had been discharged from the army on the 19 September 1918.  This son of labourer James Crawford, Rasharkin, later of Broughshane, had married Margaret McCauley, born 19 March 1898, a millworker and daughter of labourer Robert McCauley and Lizzie Sloan, Broughshane, in St Patrick's Church of Ireland, Broughshane on the 20 October 1917.
CRAWFORD. 17378 Rifleman Samuel, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1st July 1916. He was born at Ballyminstra, Ahoghill on the 9 July 1884 and  was the son of Archibald Crawford and Sarah Ogilby.  The couple, Archy (sic) from Gloonan, Ahoghill and Sarah, recorded as Oglevy, Ballyminstra, Ahoghill had married in Ahoghill Parish Church on the 22 March 1880.  They lived at Moyasset, Ballyconnelly in 1901 and Lisnafillon, Gracehill in 1911. Samuel was a gas worker living at Clonavon Place North, Ballymena in 1911.  He had married Mary Kernoghan (also Kernohan) on the 11 July 1903 in High Kirk Presbyterian Church. He enlisted in Larne and his wife and son Samuel lived at Circular Road, Larne. He is buried in Ancre British Cemetery and commemorated in Ahoghill Church of Ireland.

CRAWFORD, 27488 Private Thomas, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, formerly 6068 3rd Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 9 August 1917. He is buried Mont Huon Military Cemetery, France. He was born on the 16 June 1876 at Tullygowan, Gracehill, the son of William Crawford and Letitia Irvine. The family lived in Ahoghill in 1911. Letitia (recorded as Leticia) was 72 and a widow, and her sons Thomas (33) and Henry (29) lived with her as did daughter-in-law Jane (28) and her children Sarah (4), William (2) and infant Mary Ellen. Jane Gillespie, Straid, Ahoghill had married Thomas, Ahoghill, in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 13 October 1906. He enlisted in Ballymena and he is commemorated Ahoghill Church of Ireland.


CRAWFORD, 681631 Private Thomas, 15th Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regiment),  was killed in action on 2 September 1918 in an attack on the Drocourt-Queant Line, part of the follow-up to Allied success at the Battle of Amiens and the start of efforts to reach and destroy the Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position). The Drocourt-Quéant Line was itself an in-depth system consisting of a front line system and a support line system, each part employing two lines of trenches. The system additionally incorporated numerous concrete bunkers, machine gun posts and concentrated belts of barbed wire. Aged 34, he was born on the 20 February 1884 at Loughconnolly, Broughshane, the son of Thomas and Agnes Crawford, Tullymore, Broughshane. Thomas Crawford (Snr.), Skerry, Broughshane had married Agnes Crawford, Toreagh, Raloo, near Larne on the 22 February 1882.  Thomas (Jnr) is buried in Dominion Cemetery, Hendecourt-Les-Cagnicourt, France and commemorated in 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church.
335429 Private Robert Crawford, who served in Canada and England for a short time in the 64th Canadian Field Artillery and then the 2nd Tank Battalion, was his brother.

The family headstone (above) in Broughshane proudly records details of the action in which Thomas he died.

CRAWFORD, Chief Engineer WILLIAM, Mercantile Marine, died on Wednesday, March 13, 1918 and aged 42 when the SS Castlebar (Belfast) was lost. According to Lloyd's War Losses, SS Castlebar was going from Glasgow to Limerick with a cargo of wheat and she was reported to have passed Fanad Head on 14 March. She was never seen again and was presumed lost with all hands in Lough Swilly, Ireland. She was listed as missing on 7 August 1918. This information is contained within 'Missing and untraced merchant vessels' in Lloyd's.  There is no proof she was a victim of a U-boat or mine and it is possible she was lost in bad weather or by accident.  There were no survivors to say what happened and it is not known why the crew were deemed to have died on the 13th March when the ship supposedly passed Fanad Head on the 14th March. She had been built in 1895 by Mackie & Thomson and owned by W. M. Barkley & Sons. He was the son of William Crawford, and the husband of Jane Hunter, later of Fourscore Acre, Cairncastle, Larne, Antrim. The couple, both from Cairncastle, had married in 1st Carrickfergus Presbyterian Church on the 26th October 1907. He was born at Carnlough, Co. Antrim.   
CREIGHTON, 18617 Private John, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on 28 March 1918 and he is named on the Pozieres Memorial, near Albert, Somme. He was born on the 3 April 1880 at Moylarg, Cullybackey and was the son of Elizabeth Creighton; no father is listed. He enlisted in Glasgow, and at the time of his death his mother's address was given as 632, South Street, Whiteinch, Glasgow, Scotland. CWGC have him mistakenly listed as John Greighton, though SNWM has him correctly named.
CROMWELL, 21647 Private Henry James, 1 Royal Irish Fusiliers, was killed in action on the 12 October 1916 and he is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme. He was born on the 15 December 1896 at Magherafelt, Co Londonderry and in the 1901 and 1911 census returns he was recorded living at Cloghog, Moneyhaw, Co. Londonderry, but he was living at Harryville, Ballymena just before the Great War.

Local press reported that 'Mrs. Mary Jane Devlin, 11 James Street, Ballymena, was officially informed on Saturday last that her son Pte. Samuel Cromwell Devlin, Royal Irish Fusiliers, was killed in action on 12th October 1916. Private Devlin was at the front during the last four months and he enlisted shortly over a year ago. Prior to joining he was a farm servant. He took part in quelling the recent rebellion in Dublin. Pte. William J. W. Devlin, Royal Scots, another son of Mrs. Devlin, has been at the front over a year and was once wounded.

Ballymena Observer November 10, 1916.

His mother had clearly remarried, hence the addition of Devlin to his name. He also nominated Miss Mary Jane Devlin as his beneficiary.

Another newspaper entry of says, 'Mrs. Devlin 11 James Street, Ballymena (same address as above) has received official information that her SON, Pte. William G. WILSON, Royal Scots (Probably the preferred name for the brother named in the original article as William J W Devlin, the W standing for Wilson?) has been wounded in action. He has been at the front for nearly two years and was wounded before. His brother Pte. Samuel Cromwell Devlin, Royal Irish Fusiliers, was killed in action in October 1916.'

The implication appears to be that Mary Jane had  three different husbands.

CROTHERS, 20889 Rifleman David, 20889,  2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 6 September 1918. He is named on the Ploegsteert Memorial, Belgium. He was said to be born at Clogher, Ballymena, son of William and Margaret Crothers, 136 Disraeli Street, Belfast, but this now seems an error. David Crothers was born on the 6 June 1899 at Clogher, Drumbeg, Co Down, and the family are associated with Leopold Street, Belfast in 1901 and with Lawnview Street, Belfast in 1911. William and Margaret Crothers lived at 136 Disraeli Street, Belfast at the time of their son's death.
CROWE, Agnew, 794, Lance Corporal, 14th Bn. Royal Irish Rifles,  killed in action on 16 August 1917, the first day of the Battle of Langemarck, part of the Third Battle of Ypres or Passchendaele.  He was the 19 year old son of Patrick and Margaret Crowe, Glenhead, Glenwherry.  Patrick Crowe, Ballyboley, married Margaret Rowney (incorrectly Roney on Agnew Crowe's birth registration) on the 28 June 1884 in Ballymena. Agnew Crowe, born the 20 July 1898 at Glenhead, Glenwherrry, enlisted in Belfast and  is commemorated on Tyne Cot Memorial and in Glenwherry Presbyterian Church.
CULL, 8923 Rifleman Daniel, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles,  was killed in action on 10 August 1917. He was born on the 29 January 1898 in Kirkinriola and he was the son of seaman Hugh Cull and his wife Jenny (recorded as Jane at marriage) McGowan, both from Kinbally, Broughshane.  The couple had married on the 21 May 1892 in St Mary's RC Chapel, Glenravel. Daniel Cull enlisted Ballymena, died in Belgium and is commemorated on Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium. His sister Julia Cull lived at 19, Albert Street, Harthill, Lanark, Scotland and was the beneficiary of his will.

CUNNINGHAM,  81534 Private Joseph, 134th Field Ambulance, RAMC, was killed on 28th July 1916 and is buried in Bethune Town Cemetery.  He was the 31 year old son of James and Rose Cunningham, Randalstown and the husband of E Cunningham, 40, Duncruin Street, Maryhill, Glasgow, Scotland. His name appears on the National War Memorial, Isle of Man.

CUPPLES, 2138287 Private David,  31st Bn. Canadian Infantry (Alberta Regiment),  was killed in action on 11 October 1918. He was born on the 1 March 1889, the son of David Cupples and Jane Wilson, Kells, Ballymena.  'Loftman' David, son of Samuel, had married Jane Wilson, a weaver from Kildrum and daughter of engineman John, in Randalstown OC Presbyterian Church on the 17 July 1878. He is buried Queant Communal Cemetery British Extension, Pas de Calais and commemorated in Kells Presbyterian Church. - See Ballymena Canadians
CURRIE, 251217 Sergeant James, 1/6th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, died of wounds in a casualty clearing station (gassed) on 30 October 1917. He was born on the 18 June 1877 at Robert Street, Ballymena and was the son of William Currie and Mary Jane Blair. He enlisted in Paisley, Scotland. Brothers John and Samuel were also killed. His sister lived at 8 Patrick Place, Ballymena. He is buried Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium.
CURRIE, 3514 Private John, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on 16 May 1915 and he is named on the Le Touret Memorial, France. John Curry (sic) was born on the 13 December 1874 at Robert Street, Ballymena and was the son of William Currie and Mary Jane Blair. He had enlisted in Belfast. His brothers James and Samuel also died. Their sister lived at 8 Patrick Place, Harryville, Ballymena.



Left: CURRIE, 18/319 Serjeant Samuel, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 24 November 1917. He was born on the 2 December 1894 at Springwell Street in Ballymena and enlisted in Ballymena. He was the son of shoemaker William John Currie and Jane Henry. Widower William John Currie had married widow Jane Henry, formerly wife of Edward Rowan, on the 22 October 1889, his first wife having died of typhus fever at Mill Row/Robert Street on 25 May 1886. Samuel's brothers, James and John Currie, also died. His sister lived at 8 Patrick Place, Ballymena. He is buried in Grevillers British Cemetery, France and commemorated in West Church, Ballymena.

Right: CURRIE, 2 Lt William  Henry, 55th Squadron, RAF,  was killed in action on 16th July 1918. His wife lived at Drumrankin, Cullybackey. He is buried at Charmes Military Cemetery, Vosges, France.

Little is known of him locally but a Ballymena Weekly Telegraph report included his photograph and reads as follows:

Mrs. W. H. Currie, Drumrankin, Cullybackey, has been notified that her husband, 2nd Lieutenant W. H. Currie, Royal Air Force, was killed in action in France on 16th July 1918 in a fight with German aeroplanes. Deceased was a son of the late Mr. William Currie of Clonard Gardens, Belfast and joined the army previous to the outbreak of war. Some time ago he was transferred to the RAF where gained rapid promotion. His younger brother is a POW in Germany.

He was probably the son of 40 year old widower William Currie, a textile mechanic or fitter.  The 1901 census shows the family at Merkland Street, Belfast, and James A (16), Christina E (13), William H (4) and Joseph (3) are listed. Ana Bella Morison (36) was their house keeper. William's wife Martha Morrison had died on the 1 January 1900 at 20, Westland Street, Belfast. The couple had had a son, William Henry Currie, on the 4 May 1896; they were then at Ashmore Street, Belfast. The newspaper says William H had joined the army before the Great War and  'Lives of the First World War (IWM) records 21574 Corporal William Henry Currie in the Royal Field Artillery. William Henry Currie has a separate entry for his RAF service and he is said to have been born on 4 May 1895 (sic).

Currie served with  No. 55 (Day) Bombing Squadron, a unit which used DH4 aircraft, known in the black humour of the day as 'Flaming Coffins'; the fuel tank was situated in the fuselage between the pilot and the observer/gunner behind him.  His aircraft was hit by ground fire while engaged in a bombing raid on railway sidings at Thionville, north of Metz. Lt E Blythe was wounded and W H Currie was killed.

William Earl Johns, author of the Biggles stories, was also a pilot in 55 Squadron and he was shot down over Mannhein on the 16 September 1918. His colleague. 2nd Lt A E Amey, was killed and Johns crash landed.  He spent the rest of the was as a prisoner.

CUTHBERT, 14479 Lance Corporal Robert, 2nd Scots Guards, died of wounds on 29th March 1918. Aged 33 years, he is associated with 'Cloneytrace Broughshane', the words engraved on his headstone. He is buried St. Hilaire Cemetery, France.


DARRAGH, Lieutenant James Robinson, 1/6th Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment, died on the 5th July 1917 of wounds received on June 24, 1917. He had been commissioned on 5 October 1915 and was posted to the 6th Battalion, West Riding Regiment.

He was aged born on the 13 November 1890 and was the son of late Samuel and Jane Darragh, nee Sterrat, Ballycraigy, Ballymena. He is buried Choques Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais and commemorated 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.

DARRAGH, 128 Trooper John McClelland Cromie, 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, died on 24th December 1916. Local press reports, including the Ballymena Observer, January 1917, said he had been killed in action but he actually died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound; whether this was accidential or intentional is not known.  Aged 34, he was the son of late Samuel and Jane Darragh, nee Sterrat, Ballycraigy, Ballymena. He is buried St. Riquier British Cemetery, Somme and is commemorated 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.

Right: DARRAGH, Matthew Sloan,  2nd Lieutenant, 6th Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment, was killed in action while leading a patrol on 20th March 1917.
He was born on the 25 July 1892, the youngest son of a farmer, the late Samuel Darragh and Jane Sterrat, Ballycraigy, Ballymena. The couple had married in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church on the 27 October 1874. They hailed from Kilgad and Lisnawhiggel, Kells, respectively.

Matthew attended Ballymena Academy and then served an apprenticesio as a grocer with Mr T McKeown, Wellington Street, Ballymena. He then emigrated to Canada to follow his trade in Easton's store, Toronto.

He returned to Ireland at the start of the war and enlisted with his brother John in the in the 6th Dragoon Guards (Inniskillings). He then applied for a commission in 1915. He trained at No.4 Officer Cadet Battalion, Oxford, was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant on 14 July 1916 and subsequently posted to the 6th Battalion Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment, though he was later attached to the regiment's 5th Battalion.

On 20 March 1917 he was killed in action near Richebourg l'Avoue, just south of Neuve Chapelle. According to the battalion diary, as reported by Philip Tardif, author of The North Irish Horse in the Great War, Pen and Sword Books: A patrol consisting of 2/Lt. Darragh and 6 other ranks of No.3 Company went out ... to reconnoitre the German Wire on the Northern side of the Boars Head ... at 7.pm. They apparently lost their direction in the maze of shell holes and old trenches and stumbled into a German Post held by 6 or 8 men. They were fired on by rifles and bombs. 2/Lt Darragh was killed and 2 other ranks were Missing believed killed. The bodies were not recovered although two search patrols were sent out during the night.

He is named on Loos Memorial, Pas de Calais, France and is commemorated in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church. His mother lived at Alma Terrace, Portadown

DARRAGH, 44434 Private Thomas, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, formerly 8920 Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 19th October 1918. He was born on the 22 May 1895, the son of John Darragh, rag dealer, and Matilda Campbell of Broughshane. He enlisted and lived in the Ballymena area. He is buried at Terlincthun British Cemetery, Pas De Calais, France.
DAVIDSON, S/3716 Private Andrew, 8th Seaforth Highlanders, was killed in action on 25th October 1915. Aged 33, he was born Ballymena, lived in Kirkintilloch and enlisted in Kilsyth. He was the son James Davidson and his wife Eliza Jane Surgenor. He was the husband of Mary Campbell Smith, Tintock, Scotland and was the father of two children. His parents lived at Mid Shirva Farm, Twechar. He is named on the Loos Memorial.
DAVIS, 2379239 Corporal John,  1st (Depot) Bn. Canadian Infantry (Manitoba Regiment), died in service on 30th July 1918. He was born on the 2 August 1890 at Ballynulto, Broughshane and he was the son of Archibald Davis and the late Margaret Ann Leitch, Ballynulto, Broughshane. He died of appendicitis problems and is buried Winnipeg Cemetery, Manitoba. See Ballymena Canadians.
DAVISON, 11/7288 Rifleman Andrew, 12th Royal Irish Rifles,  died 19th March 1919.  He was formerly of Galgorm, Ballymena but died in Scotland and he is buried at Bothwell Cemetery, Bellshill, Scotland.




Left: DAVISON, 17714 Private Andrew Dinsmore, 108th Company, Machine Gun Corps, formerly 18942 of  Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1st July 1916. He was the son of Samuel Davison and Eliza Nicholl, Bridge End, Galgorm, and he was born on the 5 December 1897. He had enlisted Ballymena. He is buried in Mesnil Communal Cemetery, Somme and commemorated Ahoghill Church of Ireland.

DAWSON, 14860 Private Samuel, 11th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action on 1st July 1916. He was born on the 23 March 1880 at Ballynease, Portglenone, and was the son of Samuel Dawson and Mary McIntyre. He enlisted in Belfast and lived Glasgow with his wife Joanna. He is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial, Somme.


DAWSON, Eveline Maud, Matron, Queen Alexandra's Imperial Nursing Service, drowned in sinking of hospital ship 'Salta' on 10th April 1917. She had been a missionary and had worked for eight years in St. Catherine's Hospital, Cawnpore, India. On the outbreak of war, and being on leave in Ballymena, she had decided to help with the war effort and had spent two years and eight months on nursing duties. She had intended to return to India after the war.  She drowned in the sinking of HS Salta and is buried Etaples Military Cemetery, France. She was born at James Street, Harryville on the 17 May 1866 and was the 3rd daughter of Albert Dawson and his wife Mary Crozier, Ballymena. Her sister resided at 27 Queen's Road, Bromley, Kent.

See separate page - The Drowning of Nurse Dawson.

DEAN(E), Joseph, 3739, Rifleman, 'C' Coy, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, died of pneumonia while training at Clandeboy, Co. Down on 3rd March 1915 and he is buried in Belfast City Cemetery.  He was born at Balnamore, Ballymoney, the son of Joseph and Susan Dean.  He enlisted in Randalstown and his wife Annie lived at 15, Daisy Hill, Randalstown.


Right: DEMPSEY, 27520 Private Isaac,  9th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, died of wounds in No. 62 Casualty Clearing Station, Arneke, France on the 29th July 1918. These wounds were received at Bonnegues earlier in the day. He was the son of William Dempsey, farmer, of Artiferal, Dunloy and his wife Agnes Davison, and he had been born on the 11 January 1886 at Kildowney, Glarryford. His wife Mary, nee Beattie, lived at Dunboy, Dunloy. They had married in Garrryduff Presbyterian Church on the 25 January 1916, and is commemorated in Killymurris Presbyterian Church.

DEMPSEY, Fireman JOHN, Mercantile Marine, died on SS Essonite (Glasgow) on Thursday, February 1, 1917, allegedly aged 47, and is remembered on Tower Hill Memorial.  He was the son of the late Robert Dempsey, a sailor, and his wife Mary Murphy, and he was actually born at Carnlough on the 1 October 1868. He was the husband of Jane Patterson, of Main St., Carnlough, Co. Antrim. The couple, John from Ardclinis, Carnlough and Jane of Harphall, Glenarm, had married on the 7 September 1891 in Ardclinis Parish Church (St Mary’s C of I, Largy Road, Carnlough).
SS Essonite, launched in 1904 by Scott and Sons, Bowling (Yard No. 174) for William Robertson, Glasgow, was sunk whilst on a voyage from Caernarvon to Rochester with stone. She had been torpedoed by the German submarine U-55 at a position 3 miles north-north-west from Trevose Head. Ten crew were lost.
DEMPSEY, 1536 Rifleman Robert (Bob), 1st Bn. Royal Irish Rifles, died on the 23 August 1918. He was the son of labourer Henry and Mary Jane Dempsey, nee Haveron, of Eglinton Terrace, Mark St., Glenarm, Co. Antrim. He had been born on the 24th September 1899 at Glenarm.
DEMPSTER, John (MM - London Gazette 29719, 22 August 1916, p8360.), 4606, Private, 58th Bn, Machine Gun Corps (Inf), formerly S/13801 of Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders,  died of wounds on 7/8th July 1916. He was born on the 21 January 1883 at Racavan, Broughshane and was the son of Francis Dempster and Margaret Jane McGrath, later of Stewartfield, Broxburn, Scotland. The couple had married in  1st Broughshane Presbyterian Church on the 23 December 1881. John's wife Isabella, nee Carberry, and whom he had married in St Anne's Parish Church, Belfast on the 10 June 1913, lived at 84 Springwell Street, Ballymena. She became Isabella Lee, 7 Alexander Street, Ballymena, after his death. He is buried in Becourt Military Cemetery, Somme and commemorated in 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church. 
The family lost two more sons. 8632 Private James Dempster, 1st Seaforth Highlanders, aged 29, died on the 9 May 1915, and 10215 Lance Corporal Frank Dempster, 2nd Gordon Highlanders, aged 26, died on the 25 September 1915.
DEMPSTER, DCM, 16632, Private William, Machine Gun Corps was killed in action on the Somme on the 5 November 1916.  His widow Mary resided at Govan, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He was from Broughshane, his parents allegedly being John and Margaret Dempster. This could be a mistake and he appears to have been the brother of the three soldiers mentioned in previous entry, as is indicated by the following:
WE intimated in this newspaper three weeks ago that Corporal John Dempster, Machine Gun Corps, formerly of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, had been wounded in action and information has since been received by his wife who resides at 84 Springwell Street, Ballymena, that he has died as a result of his wounds.
He was a son of Mr. Francis Dempster, formerly of Broughshane, and now of Brozham, Scotland, who has already had another son, Pte. James Dempster, Seaforth Highlanders, killed in action. A third son of Mr. Dempster’s, Pte. Francis Dempster, Seaforth Highlanders, has been wounded and missing since 25th September 1915. The fourth soldier son, Private William Dempster of the Scots Fusiliers (William was actually 9001 of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders before going to the MGC), was transferred into the Machine Gun Corps the day after his brother, John, died.
Corporal Dempster, who was an employee of the Raceview Woollen Mills, Broughshane, joined the forces in October 1915 and went to the front in January 1916.
Mrs. Dempster has received a letter from her brother-in-law, Private William Dempster, stating that he had seen his brother’s grave and telling her that the officer of the MG Corps had said that before being wounded, her husband had performed a very gallant deed and had won the Distinguished Conduct Medal.
Mrs. Dempster has received two letters from the Commanding Officer of the section, the first one telling of her husband’s gallantry, of his wounds and winding up with:- “He was one of the finest fellows in action that one would wish to be with.”
In the second, he tells of her husband’s death but emphasising the fact of Corporal Dempster’s bravery in the field and offering the deepest sympathy from the machine gun corps.

The following are the contents of the letters:-

11/7/16
Dear Madam, I must introduce myself as the officer in command of the machine gun section of which your husband was corporal. He was given this rank just before he went into action. I may tell you also that, for his bravery, he has been recommended for the DCM. However, during a second battle, he was working his gun when he became wounded. We were able to get him quite safely to the clearing hospital from which he is probably removed to England by now. He is one of the finest fellows in action one could wish to be with and we all hope he will be able to re-join us when well again. - Yours Sincerely, Lt. J. C. Bromhill.

The second letter is as follows:-
21/7/16
Dear Mrs. Dempster - Since writing to you saying that your husband was wounded we have been out at rest and news travelled to us very slowly. I deeply regret to have to tell you that our latest news was very depressing from the field ambulance and only this morning we were also intensely grieved to hear that your husband died of his wounds. He was one of the bravest of our soldiers and a born leader of men. The whole company join me in asking you to accept our deepest sympathy for your grief which we share to a great extent.
Your husband’s brother has joined us and visited your husband’s grave this morning. I hear that he passed away quite peaceably, in no pain.” - Yours very sincerely, Lt. J.C. Bromhill.

Ballymena Observer August 18, 1916
He is commemorated in the 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church.

DEVLIN, Samuel Cromwell - there is NO RECORD of a Samuel Cromwell Devlin being killed on the date in question. It is highly likely that he served as Henry James Cromwell.

 

DICKSON, 972 Rifleman John, actually Robert John Stewart Dickson, 16th Royal Irish Rifles, died on 7th July 1916.  He was born on the 12 August 1896 at Killygore, Clough, the third son of George Dickson and his wife Lizzie McKay. The couple, George from Ballycregagh, Clough and Lizzie from Springmount, Glarryford, had married in Ballymena Register Office on the 4 September 1889. They moved around a lot and their eight children, all of whom were alive in 1911, were born at Omerbane, Clough, Mill Lane, Larne, Dowgry, Clough, Killygore, Clough, Inver, Larne, St John's Place, Larne, and the youngest at Springwell Street, Ballymena. John Dickson is commemorated Thiepval Memorial and Cloughwater Presbyterian Church.
DILLON, 23042 Private John Patrick, 8th Royal Irish Fusiliers, died of wounds in a Bethune Hospital on 28th May 1916. He was born on the 13 November 1895 at Broughanore, Killagan and enlisted in Ballymoney.  He was the eldest son of John and Annie, nee Heron, Herron or Hirron and was born near Letterkenny, Co Donegal, of Ballymacaldrick, Dunloy. The couple had married in Rasharkin RC Chapel on the 13 November 1894. They said they had had four children by 1911 and that three were still alive at that time,  remaining children being John Patrick, Elizabeth and Charles. Another child, Francis Anthony, was born at Ballinaloob, Dunloy on the 23 June 1914.
DOBSON, 2nd Lieutenant John, 1st Royal Irish Fusiliers, died of wounds on the 4 May 1917 and he is buried in Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension. He was born on the 21 December 1889 at Connor near Ballymena and was raised in Belfast, Glenfarne Street (1901 census) and Roe Street (1911 census).  His father was William Dobson, his mother Jane Dobson, nee Cooper.  He was married to Mary Georgina Hopper in Fortwilliam Park Presbyterian Church on the 10 May 1916, and his widow was said to live at 'Oaklands', Chichester Park, Belfast. He is commemorated in Agnes Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast.
DONNELLY, Arthur, 6450, Guardsman,  1st Scots Guards, was killed in action at Gheluvelt near Ypres, Belgium on the 26th October 1914.  Aged 36, he was 6' tall and had brown hair and blue eyes.  He was a regular soldier who had joined the Scots Guards on 2nd March 1906.  He was transferred to the reserve after three years but was then recalled to the colours on the 6th August 1914.  Some sources state that he was born in Cloughmills, but it appears he was born at Leitrim, Magherafelt, Co Londonderry. He enlisted in Middlesborough, England and lived in Magherefelt.  He was the son of the late Arthur Donnelly.
DONNELLY, 5298 Private Thomas, 1st Irish Guards, was killed by shellfire while carrying in wounded on the 17 October 1916. He was born on the 11 August 1888 at Craignageeragh, Ahoghill, the son of Archibald Donnelly and Mary Kerr. He enlisted in Edinburgh and lived at Craignageeragh, Ahoghill. He is commemorated Thiepval Memorial.
DOOLE, 19467 Rifleman Isaac Dillon, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 15th October 1918. He was born at Crevilly-Valley, Connor and he enlisted in Belfast. He was the son of Robert Doole and Agnes Johnston, at Lisnawhiggel, Kells in 1901 and later at Islandbane, Muckamore. He is buried Godewaersveld British Cemetery, Belgium.
DORAN, 10024 Private Philip John (CWGC John Philip), 2nd Royal Irish Fusiliers, died on 7th December 1915 and is buried in Salonika (Lembet Road) Cemetery. He was born on the 1 May 1887 st Randalstown, the son of James Doran and Esther (Hessie) McAuley, both teachers, of Main Street, Randalstown, Co. Antrim. The couple had married in Randalstown RC Chapel on the 4 August 1880. Philip was apparently a well-known pianist and was at one time employed at Toome Railway Station. He had joined the colours at the start of the war.

DORNAN, 55634 Private James,  198th Coy., Machine Gun Corps (Inf), formerly 34542 of Royal Scots, was killed in action on 20th September 1917. He was born on the 27 September 1893 at Skerry East, Newtowncrommelin and was the son of miner James Dornan, of Skerry East, and Elizabeth Connelly (Connolly), of Tamneybrack (Tamybuck), Racavan. The couple had married in Ballymena Registrar's Office on the 26 July 1873. They later lived at Newtowncrommelin. James enlisted in Glasgow and he is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.

DOWDS (Douds), 5/12333 Private Hugh, 5th Bn. Royal Irish Fusiliers, died on Wednesday, November 7, 1917 and he is buried in Beersheba War Cemetery. He was the son of James and Rachel Dowds, of Carnlough, Co. Antrim.
James Douds, a 25-year-old labourer of Ballyclare, married 19-year-old Rachel Robinson of Glenwherry in Ballyclare Roman Catholic Church on the 24 May 1884. Their son Hugh Douds was born at Cargan, Skerry on the 29 July 1897.  His father said he was a miner at that time.
DRENNAN, 19470 Rifleman Robert, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed on his birthday, the 1st July 1916, and is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme.  He was born on the 1 July 1893 at Groggan, Randalstown and was the son of William and Sarah Drennan, Groggan, Randalstown. The paernts had married in Ballymena Register Office on the 8 October 1892.  William was from Clonkeen and Sarah Rainey from Groggan.
DUFFIN, 1547 Private Patrick, 7th Leinster Regiment, died of wounds on the 5 September 1916 and is buried in Corbie Communal Cemetery Extension, France.  He had been born at Ardnaglass, Ballyscullion on the 18 March 1875, the son of James and Sarah, nee Bonnar.  He lived at Varna Street, off Leeson Street, Belfast and had married Jane O'Neill in Ballyclare RC Church on the 22 December 1898.  The couple had three surviving children in 1911: Sarah (9), Mary (5) and Kathleen (2).
DUNBAR,  256 Lance Corporal Daniel,  10th Royal Irish Rifles,  was killed in action on  22nd November 1917.  He was born on the 27 March 1897 at Broughshane and lived there. He was the son of Robert Dunbar, Knockboy, Broughshane and Agnes (Nancy) Thompson, Killygore, Broughshane. He enlisted Belfast. He is commemorated on Cambrai Memorial, Louveval, France.



Right: DUNCAN, MC, Lieutenant Andrew Warwick, 38th Bn. Canadian Infantry (East Ontario Regiment),  was killed in action on 9th April 1917. Aged 25 son of Archibald and Margaret, Carnearney, Kells. He is buried Villers Station Cemetery, Viller au Bois, Pas de Calais and commemorated in Connor Presbyterian Church.

See section on Canadian soldiers.

DUNLOP, David Lynn, was the First Engineer (Merchant Marine) on the SS Essonite. The ship was en route from Caernarfon to Rochester with a cargo of stone when she was torpedoed off Trevose Head, Cornwall at 1.10 pm on the 1 February 1917. There was no warning because of the German declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare, previously abandoned after the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915. She allegedly sank within 9 minutes. The ship's master got hold of a float as the ship foundered and he was rescued by a ship’s lifeboat in which there were only two of the crew. The ten remaining crew were drowned: Arthur Altoft, mate, 22; John Dempsey, fireman, 47; David Lynn Dunlop, 1st engineer, 36; John Kenneway, trimmer, 19; James Letson, 2nd engineer, 22; John MacArthur, steward, 64; Allan McFadyen, able seaman, 39; John McPhedran, ordinary seaman, 16; Nevin McVicar, boatswain, 54; and Harry Williams, fireman, 35.
David Lynn Dunlop was the eldest son of James Dunlop and Mary Lynn.  The couple had married in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church on the 25 February 1878. James was from Kilnacolpagh, Broughshane and Mary Lynn was from Carncairn, Broughshane. David Lynn (Linn) Dunlop was born at Carnkeeran, Broughshane on the 27 November 1878.


DUNLOP, 5700 Rifleman Nathaniel, 7th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 16th August 1917 (Note the date on the family headstone, 1st July 1916). He was born at Loan, Craigs, Cullybackey on the 19 February 1898, the son of carpenter John Dunlop, Loan and Esther Boyd, Loan. The couple had married in West Church, Ballymena on the 2 May 1892. The family were at the Loan, Cullybackey in 1901 and 1911 and Nathaniel lived there. He enlisted in Ballymena. He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial and in Cullybackey United Free Church.

DUNN, Thomas, 2323,  Private 44th Bn. Australian Infantry, died of pneumonia on 7th February 1917 (Australian record says 1919!). He was born on the 4 November 1871 and was the son of Charles Dunn and Margaret Harper, Ballyclug, Ballymena. He had been educated at Edenderry National School and had emigrated to Australia when 22 years old.  He was a bush worker and gave his address as East Narrogin, Western Australia.  He enlisted on the 9th May 1916 at Belmont, left Freemantle on HMAT Macquarie on the 13th October 1916 but died of pneumonia on the 7th February 1917. He is buried Durrington Cemetery, Wiltshire.
See Ballymena Australians.


ELLIOTT, 66484 Private Thomas, 62nd Bn. Machine Gun Corps (formerly 7657 of Connaught Rangers), was killed in action on the 26th March 1918. He was born in Ahoghill and was the son of weaver John Elliott, Ahoghill, and domestic servant Margaret Mullan, Ahoghill. The couple had married in Ahoghill RC Chapel on the 11 August 1872. Thomas enlisted in Glasgow. He was a keen boxer and a boxing champion. He is buried in Bienvillers Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France and he is commemorated on a family headstone at Ahoghill Roman Catholic Cemetery.


ELLIS, 19472 Lance Corporal Samuel, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 1st July 1916.  He was born at Mossend, Scotland, enlisted in Antrim, and lived at Toomebridge. He was active in the South Antrim UVF and so joined the 11th Royal Irish Rifles (South Antrims). He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. The William Ellis who contaced the family appears to be the 4612 William Ellis, killed 1 September 1916 - see below.

ELLIS, 4612 Corporal William, 11th  Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1st September 1916. He was about 30 and had been born at Grangetown, Yorkshire. He enlisted in Clandeboye and lived Creagh, Toomebridge. He is commemorated Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.
William Ellis was the son of farmer Richard Ellis, Creagh, Toomebridge and Hannah Ewart, Derrygave, between Toome and Magherafelt, the couple having married in Magherafelt Register Office on the 24 March 1874. Richard died and Hannah later married Thomas Taylor in Belfast. William also married. He wed Alice Mary Evans, Creagh, in Magherafelt Register Office on the 20 August 1914.

ENGLISH, 14/16471 Serjeant David, 14th Bn Royal Irish Rifles, previously wounded by shrapnel in 1916, was killed in action on 23rd June 1917 and he is buried in Messines Ridge Cemetery. He had been born at Glenarm on the 13th May 1891 and was the son of David English, a woollen draper, and his wife Annie Burke Wilson. The couple, both of Glenarm, had married on the 31st July 1884 in the local Presbyterian Church.
The 1901 census records the family at Toberwine Street, Glenarm and Annie was a 33-year-old widow and retired draper. She lived with her brother Alexander (30) and her five children, Caruth (15), Jack (14), Ismay (12), David (10) and Meta (8).
They were living at Delhi Street, Ormeau, Belfast in 1911. Alexander was still with them and is described as a 48-year-old gentleman. The girls, Ismay, and Meta didn’t work; Caruth was a 25-year-old clerk in the Public Health Department and David was a 19-year-old draper. Jack was not present at the time of the census.
The family was still living in the Ormeau area of Belfast when David was killed.
ERVINE, 43831 Private Samuel,  1st Duke of Edinburgh's Wiltshire Regiment, formerly M/372233 of Royal Army Service Corps, was killed in action on 23rd October 1918. He was born at Carmacmoin, Ahoghill and he was the son of William Ervine and Elzabeth Rainey. The couple, from Ahoghill and Lisnafillon respectively, had married in Third Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 22 May 1886. Samuel lived in Ahoghill, and enlisted Ballymena. He is buried Ovillers New Communal Cemetery, France. He is commemorated in 3rd Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.



Left: ERWIN (Ervine), James,  10621, Private, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, died of wounds received 10th June 1916 on 19th June 1916. He was born on the 3 April 1896 at Ballygarvey, Ballymena and was the son of John Erwin, Magheramully, Broughshane and Margaret Thompson, Clogher, Broughshane. He lived at Ballygarvey and enlisted Ballymena. He is buried in Puchevillers British Cemetery, France.

EWART, 48042 Private James,  8th Royal Scots Fusiliers, died on the 19th September 1918 in the Balkans theatre. He was born in Portglenone, near Ballymena, the son of Robert Ewart, Ballybeg, Ahoghill and Mary Ann McCaughey, Mullinsallagh, Portglenone.  The couple had married in 3rd Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 3 March 1877. James also had a brother, John, who lived in Ballyclare.
James settled at Kilmaurs, Crosshouse, Kilmarnock and in 1911 is recorded employed as a grocery salesman. He, aged 23, married 21 year old Margaret Garven Fulton on 18th July 1913 at Crosshouse. They lived in Bentinck Cottage, Irvine Road, Crosshouse, Kilmarnock. She was the daughter of William Garven Fulton, a coal mining contractor.
James joined the 8th Royal Scots Fusiliers, was posted to the Balkans, and he took part in the Salonika campaign. During the very last days of the Great War, it was decided to attack the Bulgarians who were entrenched in strong defensive positions in Northern Greece, in the mountains near Lake Doiran.  On the 19th of September 1918,  six weeks before the Armistice, a near suicidal attack was ordered against the hilltops. The 8th battalion suffered heavy casualties, among them James. His body was not recovered. The sad irony is that the Bulgarians were already in retreat and, in fact, abandoned their trenches the following evening.
James's widow, Margaret, married Kilmarnock man David Hastings, a coal miner, in 1923, and they lived at Carmel Cottage, Crosshouse.
James Ewart is commemorated on the Doiran Memorial, Greece and in Crosshouse Church of Scotland, Kilmarnock.
FALLS, James,  4792, Private,  51st Bn. Australian Infantry, KIA on 3rd September 1916 at Mouquet Farm.  He arrived in Australia aged 18 and was employed as a motor driver.  He gave his address as c/o Grave & Dwyer, 919 Hay Street, Perth, Western Australia. He was single, aged 22, just 5 feet 6 inches tall and 163 lbs when he enlisted on 28th October 1915 in Perth.; their parents dead, he gave his brother as next of kin; he was Mr J Falls, Gibbletts, Coast Road, Manjimup, Western Australia. James left Freemantle on HMAT Ulysses on the 1st April 1916, trained with 3rd Training Bn at Tel-el-Kebir after landing at Alexandria, Egypt on 25th April 1916, and then went to Marseilles, France on HMAT Huntspill.  He joined his unit on 21st August 1916 and was initially posted as wounded and missing on the 3rd September 1916; he was deemed killed in action on that date on 24th April 1917. His body found in 1925, he was buried Villiers Brettonneaux Cemetery, Somme.
Thomas James Falls, the full name on the birth registration, was born at Mill Street, Ballymena on the 28 August 1894,  the son of John Falls, Ballymena, and Maggie McWhirter. James was at Henry Street, Harryville in 1901 and residing with his uncle, Dr William Hay Walker McWhirter.  He was with them at Killyfast, Toome in 1911. Publican John Falls, James's father, died on Christmas Day 1897 and was aged 33.  His mother Maggie, aged 25, died on the 5 December 1898.
FARAGHAM, 22655 Sergeant Thomas Henry, 23rd Manchester Regiment, was killed in action on 20th July 1916. He was allegedly born around Cullybackey and records show that Bleacher William John Faraghan and his wife Agnes Jane Russell did register the birth of children George and Mary Jane while living at the Dreen, Cullybackey and at Cardonaghy, somewhat closer to Ahoghill. However, the registration for Thomas Henry can not be found.
Thomas Henry Faraghan enlisted Manchester and lived in Oldham. He was at Martha Street in 1901 and at Garforth Street, Chadderton, Oldham in 1911. This was his parents' address. He is commemorated Thiepval Memorial.
FAULKNER, 1885 Private Thomas,  1st Irish Guards, was killed in action on the 18th May 1915. He was born on the 21 October 1882, the son of coachman Alexander Faulkner, Mount Davys, Ahoghill and Annie Lynn, Craignageeragh, Ahoghill. The couple had married in Cullybackey Presbyterian on the 20 April 1882. Thomas's wife Sarah lived at 10 Somerset Street, Belfast. He is commemorated Le Touret Memorial, France.



Right: FENTON, 17629 Lance Corporal James,  12th Royal Irish Rifles,  was killed in action on the 1st July 1916. Born third of a family of six on the 7 May 1890, he lived near Dunloy, the son of farmer Samuel Fenton and Margaret J Caves. The couple had married in Ballyweaney Presbyterian Church on the 28 October 1879. James's sister Maggie married Richard McKendry in 1919, a boy whose brother William (1777, 12th Royal Irish Rifles) had been killed on the Somme on the same day as James. Maggie died a few years later and Richard McKendry married Sarah McCracken.  Her brother David (9035, 2nd Highland Light Infantry) had been killed at Loos in September 1915.  James, who was just 19, is commemorated Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France.

FERGUSON, James McKee, Captain, Royal Army Medical Corps, attached 6th Bn. Connaught Rangers, died on the 22nd December 1917 and he is buried in Ronssoy Communal Cemetery.  He was born on the 20 June 1886 and was the son of the Rev. James Edmund Ferguson and Rachel Glover, Feehogue, Randalstown, Co. Antrim. The Reverend James Ferguson, Randalstown had married farmer's daughter Rachel Glover in Magherafelt Presbyterian Church on the 3 June 1878.
FERRIS, 6784 Private James, 2nd Bn. King's Own Scottish Borderers, was killed in action on the 17th March 1915. He was then aged 34, and was the son of Peter and Mashern (sic) Ferris, Cushendall. CWGC says had previously served in the South African Campaign, this suggesting he was a professional soldier. He is buried in Spoilbank Military Cemetery, Plot 1, Row G, Grave 2.

FERRIS, 8362 Corporal William, 2nd Royal Irish Regiment, was killed in action on the 8th May 1915. He was born on the 6 April 1889 at Cardonaghy, Ahoghill.  He was the son of Francis Ferris and Martha Donnelly, later 69 Cundy Road, Custom House, London. His great uncle was J Patton, Liverpool. He is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.

FINLAY, 829240 Private Samuel Hanna,  8th Bn.Canadian Infantry (Manitoba Regt.),  was killed by shellfire on 15th February 1918.  He was born at Cromkill on the 2 October 1889 and was the son of sawyer William Finlay and Mary Jane McCartney, later of Ballee (1901) and eventually of 142, Queen St., Ballymena, Co. Antrim. He is buried in Aix-Noulette Communal Cemetery Extension and commemorated in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church. See Ballymena Canadians
FINLAY, S/5965 Private Thomas,  10th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders,  was killed in action on the 25th September 1915. He was born on the 26 February 1895 at Love's Lane, Dalry, Ayrshire, the son of Thomas Finlay, later of Skeagh, Carnalbanagh and his wife Elizabeth Gilbert. Thomas is commemorated on Loos Memorial and at Carnalbanagh (Carnalbana) Presbyterian Church.
FISHER, 12258 Rifleman David,  8th Royal Irish Rifles,  was killed in action on the 5th August 1917. He was born at Lisnawhiggel, Connor, the son of weaver David Fisher and his wife Sarah Jackson. David was living in Belfast before the Great War.  He married Elizabeth (Lizzie) Carson in Belmont Presbyterian Church, Belfast on the 3 March 1897 and was at Hunter Street, Belfast in 1901 and at Armitage Street in 1911. He is commemorated on Ypres Memorial, Menin Gate and in Westbourne Presbyterian Church, Belfast.







FISHER, 13907 Private Hugh, 1st Royal Scots, died of wounds on 30th September 1916.   He was born on the 17 November 1893  at Connor and was the son of woollen finisher Samuel Fisher and his wife Margaret Griffen, later Old Green, Kells. The couple had married in Ballymena Register Office on the 21 February 1880. He enlisted in Glasgow. He is bburied Struma Military Cemetery, Greece and is commemorated Kells Presbyterian Church.

Right: 41229 Lance Corporal Hugh Flanagan, 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers, formerly 1508 North Irish Horse
Photograph courtesy of N Henderson
FLANAGAN, Hugh Edmond, 41229, Lance Corporal,  9th Royal Irish Fusiliers (formerly 1508 North Irish Horse), was killed in action on 22nd November 1917.
Hugh Edmond Flanagan, born at Alfred Street, Ballymena on 6 June 1896, was the son of child of textile worker Robert Henry Flanagan and his wife Martha Thompson, both from Co Down. The couple had married on the 3 November 1889 in Banbridge Parish Church.  He came from Drumaghadone, a townland between Banbridge and Dromore, and his wife was from Dromore itself.
The family was living at Queen Street, Ballymena by 1901 and Robert Henry Flanagan (38) and Martha J (35) listed four children: Sarah A (10), William H M (6), Hugh E (4) and Thomas J (1).
By 1911 the family was living in Dunmurry Town and Robert and Martha said they had then been married for 21 years and that they had had nine children, five of whom were alive in 1911. They listed Clarah (sic) Ann (20), William Henry M (16), Hugh Edmond (14), Thomas Jamison (11) and Martha Elizabeth (7). Sometime thereafter they moved to 129 Dunluce Avenue, Belfast.
1508 Hugh Flanagan joined the North Irish Horse at Antrim in early May 1915 and he went to France on the 17 November 1915. He was part of the NIH group amalgamated with the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons Service Squadron to form the 2nd North Irish Horse Regiment. The unit was at first cavalry but was then dismounted, most personnel subsequently posted to the 9th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers. Hugh became 41229, 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers.
In November and December 1917 the 9th Battalion was involved in the Battle of Cambrai, firstly in the fighting around the village of Moeuvres on the 22-23 November. Hugh Flanagan was one of the 82 casualties from this time. He was reported as wounded and missing, but was later presumed to have died 'on or since' 22 November 1917. He has no known grave.
Both of his brothers also served during the war.

10301 William Henry Murray Flanagan, also born at Alfred Street, Ballymena, was killed in action on 13 April 1918 while serving with the 12th Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles, and Thomas Jamison Flanagan, whose birth registration cannot be found, served in the Irish Guards.
FLYNN, 18981 Rifleman William George Acheson, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died on the 11th Augustn1917 and he is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial and in Ahoghill Parish Church.  He was born on the 22 August 1894 at Banford, Knocknagore, Co. Down, the son bookkeeper/clerk William George Wade Flynn and Sarah McChesney.  The couple had married in Co Down at Gilford Presbyterian Church on the 15 June 1892. Sadly, 25 year old Sarah died on the 4 September 1895. In 1901 his father, aged 41 and a widower, was assistant manager of a bleach works and was living in Muckamore Village, near Belfast with his daughter Helen J Flynn and a housekeeper.  In 1901 William George Acheson Flynn was a 6 year old nephew living with Isabella Gregson (43) at Laurencetown (often Lawrencetown), Tullylish, Co Down. He was 16 and still living there in 1911 with retired postmistress Isabella (53) and her 18 year old Canadian-born son, a millright. His father (51) was living at Lisnafillon with his second wife Elsie (30).  The couple had been married for six years and had in 1911 three children, Margaret Raphael (5), Samuel Redmond (3) and Sarah Elizabeth (1). He was manager of Lisnafillon Bleaching Works, Galgorm, hence the memorial to his son in the local Church of Ireland.
FORBES, 41453 Private John,  9th Royal Irish Fusiliers (formerly 1924 North Irish Horse), was killed in action on the 29th March 1918. He was born at Dungall, Clough on the 4 May 1895 and was the son of farmer George Forbes and his wife Elizabeth Knox. The couple had married  in Clough Presbyterian Church on the 20 January 1892.  George (35) said he came from Dunminning, Craigs, Cullybackey and 22 year old Elizabeth said she hailed from Kilgad, Connor.
The family were living in Ballymena's Galgorm Street in 1901 and George was a publican. He was 54, Lizzie was 32 and they had six children - James Knox (8), Maggie (6), John (5), George (3), Annie L (1) and Robert Alexander (infant - he died at 3 months old on the 22 May 1901). The family were at Moneydollog, Ballyconnelly in 1911 and their five remaining children were all living with them. John was a 15 year old clerk in a textile firm.
Forbes enlisted in the North Irish Horse at Antrim on 19 November 1915. No.1924 Forbes J was sent to France on the 27 July 1916 as a reinforcement to the 1st North Irish Horse Regiment, but he was later transferred to the 9th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers and was renumbered as 41453.
John Forbes was killed in action on the second day of the battle of St Quentin, 22 March 1918, “while attempting to rescue a wounded comrade from German hands” according to the Belfast News Letter.
He is commemorated at Pozieres Memorial and in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church; his brother George also served in the North Irish Horse, probably 191,  and 7163 Corps of Hussars.
Service details extracted from Phillip Tardif, The North Irish Horse in the Great War (website)

Forster's Headstone in the Layde Cemetery

FORSTER, 64439 Sapper Edward John, Royal Engineers, was born on the 20 November 1893 at Cushendall and died aged 24 on the 22nd November 1917. He was the son of James, born Ballygally and working as a coastguard, and Maria Foster, nee O’Connor, Cushendall. He was the husband of Elizabeth, Provost Road, Dundee.  He is buried in Layde Church of Ireland Churchyard, Cushendall.


1077 Guardsman John Forsythe

FORSYTHE, 1077 Guardsman John, 2nd Coy. Machine Gun Guards, formerly 10779 Irish Guards, was killed in action on 9th October 1917.  He was born on the 8 March 1891 at Commissioner's Cottages, Ballymena and was the son of James Forsythe and Maria Jane Gilmour. James of Boyd's Court had married Maria Jane of Fountain Place in St Patrick's Parish Church on the 27 August 1877. She died of TB and aged 25 on the 9 March 1894, and John's father, a waterworks inspector, then married Mary Robinson, Maxwell's Walls, Connor in St Saviour's Parish Church, Connor on the 29 July 1904. John enlisted in Ballymena and lived at Castle Street, Ballymena.  He is buried in Artillery Wood Cemetery, Belgium and commemorated on a headstone in Ballymena New Cemetery, Cushendall Rd.

FOSTER,  11/3749 Rifleman Allen, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, died of  wounds on 17th March 1916 and he is buried in Mesnil Ridge Cemetery, Somme. He was born on the 15 July 1889 at Andraid, a townland between Ahoghill and Randalstown. He was the son of John Foster and his wife Roseanna McBride; she was usually referred to as Anne or Annie. The couple had married on the 10 March 1883 in Ballymena Register Office.  He was a widower from Andraid and she said she came from Tamlaght, Drummaul. They were at Andraid in 1901 and at Cloghogue, somewhat nearer Ahoghill, in 1911. In 1911 they said they had had six children and five were then still alive; Allen was their third child and was then 12. Allen enlisted in Randalstown. He had married before or during the Great War and was the husband of. M. Foster, Cloghogue/Caddy, Drummaul.

Left: FOSTER,  J/36501 Able Seaman David, was born on the 11 February 1898 at Ballycraighy, Ballymena and was the son of farmer David Foster from Liminary, Kells and his wife Elizabeth (Lizzie) McCausland from Dunnyvadden, Kells. The couple had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 10 August 1895, and David was their second child. They were living at Ballycraigy, Ballymena at the time of the 1901 and 1911 census recordings and in 1911 the couple said they had had five children, all of them still alive at the time.

David Foster died after a mine explosion sank HMS Ariel in the North Sea on 2nd August 1918. HMS Ariel was an Acheron Class destroyer which was converted to mine laying in 1917. Her main claim to fame was that she, together with HMS Attack and HMS Acheron, rammed and sank the U12 off Aberdeen.  David is commemorated on Plymouth Naval Memorial and in Harryville and Connor Presbyterian Churches.

FOSTER, 3734 Lance Corporal John Barkley (sometimes Barclay), 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 1st July 1916. He was born on the 29 March 1888 at Andraid, Drummaul near Randalstown and enlisted in Randalstown. He was the son of William Foster and Elizabeth (Bessie or Betty) Anne Morrison, the couple having married in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church on the 22 November 1875.  William was 23 and from the townland of Clare and his new wife, also 23, was from Andraid.  The family were at Kildrum, Kells in 1901 and William and Bessie recorded five children: Matilda A (17), Agnes E (15), John B (13), Robert (11) and Rosetta (7).   They were at Andraid in 1911. Betty Ann Foster was a 58 year old widow and she listed three family members who were present: John Barclay (sic) was 23, Robert Morrison was 20 and Rosetta was 17. John Barkley Foster is commemorated on  Thiepval Memorial and in Randalstown Old Presbyterian Church.

Right: FOSTER, 5412 Rifleman Robert, 7th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the Somme on 7th September 1916. He was born at Liminary, Ballyclug, Ballymena on the 30 December 1896, the son of farmer John Foster, Liminary and his wife Margaret (Maggie) Bryson, Ballymarlow (now Ballymarlagh), Ballyclug. The couple had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 25 November 1893. They were at Liminary in 1901 and 1911, and in 1911 the couple said they had had nine children, all of whom were then alive: Martha (17), Robert (14), James (12), William (10), Sara (9), Jane (7), John (4) and infant Thomas George.  David (15) was at his grandmother Sarah's that day.  She was a 71 year old widow who had been born in the Co Down and who also lived in Lininary.  David enlisted in Ballymena and he is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial.

FOSTER, 11356 Private Robert, 3 Reserve Bn Scots Guards, was born on the 6 May 1872 at Cloghogue, near Ahoghill, Ballymena, the son of William Foster and his wife Margaret Small. He died at home at the age of 45 and is buried in Glasgow Eastern Necropolis.  He was the husband of Jessie Jamieson Foster, 35, Braemar Street, Langside, Glasgow. He had married Jessie Jamieson on the 27 December 1889 in the United Free Presbyterian Church, Slatefield, Glasgow.
FOSTER, 15366 Private Vernon Burnett, 2nd Dorsetshire Regiment, was killed in action on the 31st December 1916. He was born in Ballymena, baptised at St John's Church, Meerut, India on the 6 December 1886, enlisted Bareilly, India, and he lived at Ongerup, Western Australia. He was the son of Richard Foster and his wife Henrietta Rosalia Foster. He is commemorated on the Basra Memorial, Iraq.

Left: FRANCEY, 404342 Private George, 14th Bn.Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regt.),  was killed in action between 12th June 1916 and 13th June 1916.  He was born at Artnagullion, Connor on the 27 July 1890 and was the son of textile worker John Francey and Jane Johnston(e). The family later lived in the village of Kells, Co Antrim and in 1911 the couple, married for forty years, said seven of the eight children born of the marriage were still alive.  George, aged 20 in 1911, is recorded.

George Francey is buried Bedford House Cemetery and commemorated Connor Presbyterian Church.

See Ballymena Canadians.

FRANCEY, 17487 Private James, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action on 22nd July 1915. He was born at Alfred Street, Ballymena on the 28 April 1877, son of weaver William Francey and Ellen Jane Surginor.  The couple, William from Tullygarley and Ellen from Brocklamont, had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 22 June 1872. They later lived at 88 Queen Street, Ballymena.
James Francey enlisted in Hamilton, Scotland and lived in Queenstown. He is buried Bethune Town Cemetery, Pas de Calais and commemorated 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.
FRANCEY,  8061 Private Thomas,  2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on 16th May 1915. He was born on the 25 May 1885 at Ballymacvea, Kells, Ballymena, the son of William John Francey and Mary Ann Service, later of 21, Paxton Street, Belfast. The couple had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 18 July 1885. Thomas Alexander Service Francey was born at Alfred Street, Harryville, Ballymena. The family were at St Leonard Street, Victoria, Belfast in 1901 and at Paxton Street, Pottinger, Belfast in 1911.  They parents said in 1911 that they had been married for 28 years and that they had had 11 children, 10 of whom were still alive at the time.  They listed 9 who were living with them.  Thomas was not one of them but he lived nearby. He was the plumber husband of Mary Jane Francey, a spinner, 117 Thorndyke Street, Belfast. The couple, Thomas then from 104, Bread Street, Belfast, had married Mary Jane Spence, 14, Lisavon Street, Belfast, on the 9 February 1907 in St Mark's Parish Church, Dundella, Belfast.  He is named on the Le Touret Memorial, Pas de Calais. They had had two children by 1911 but one of Minnie's offspring, daughter Catherine, had died on the 21 August 1910; the other child, William John, was 2 years old.

FRANCEY, 12261 Private William (John), 5th Bn. Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, and brother of Thomas, was killed in action on the 15 August 1915. The 1911 census return says he was born in Cork. He is named on the Helles Memorial, Turkey.
FRANCEY, 17697 Private William, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action on 1st July 1916. He was born in Ballymena and enlisted in Hamilton, Scotland. He is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial and in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.
FRATER (Foster on Scottish National War Memorial and Soldiers Died in the Great War), John, 21818, Rifleman,  4th Royal Irish Rifles, killed in accident on Salisbury Plain on 28th October 1918. Aged 17, born at Milton of Campsie, Glasgow, enlisted Ballymena, son of William and Margaret Frater, Main Street, Cullybackey.  He is buried Durrington Cemetery, Wiltshire and commemorated in Cuningham Memorial Presbyterian Church. 
From South Wiltshire Coroner’s Inquests into death of Riflemen James Sterling & John Frater – courtesy of Salisbury Inquests

The County Coroner (Mr F H Trethowan) held an inquest on Wednesday evening concerning the deaths of two young riflemen, John Frater, aged 17, and James Stirling, aged 18, of the 4th Royal Irish Rifles, who were killed as a result of an accidental explosion of a bomb on Normanton Downs, near Stonehenge, on Monday.

They were walking over the downs, as it was officially stated they were entitled to do, whilst bombing practise was proceeding, as no red flag was shown at the time. A witness said he saw one of the men kick at “something,” which turned out to be a 16lb unexploded bomb, which upon impact exploded and killed both Frater and Stirling.

It was stated by a military officer that the ground is periodically searched for unexploded bombs but no record was kept from which it could be stated definitely that all unexploded bombs had been found.

A verdict was recorded that the two men died from injuries caused by the accidental explosion of a bomb, and the military authorities intimated that an enquiry would be held with a view to effecting precautions against the recurrence of similar accidents.

A death for James Stirling, aged 18, was registered in the December quarter, 1918 in the district of Amesbury, Wiltshire, England.

Right: FULLERTON, 20/58 Rifleman George Edmond, 13th Royal Irish Rifles, died at home in Foster Green Hospital on the 19th March 1917 from an illness caught at the front. He was born on the 18 October 1894 at Lismurnaghan, Ahoghill, the son of druggist/photographer John Fullerton and Ellen Cameron, Ahoghill. They remained at Lismurnaghan, Ahoghill but Ellen moved to 9 Clonavon Road, Ballymena after the death of her husband on the 23 May 1904. The couple had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 16 December 1882.

George Edmond had been employed in the Bridge Street Bakery before joining the forces in December 1915.  He went to the war zone in Flanders and was there for about three months before being invalided home. He is buried 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Churchyard.

Herbert A Fullerton, Royal Army Medical Corps, was his brother.

(photo courtesy of N Henderson, Great War Ulster Newspaper Archive)

FULTON, 412650 Private John, served as John Watt, 2nd Canadian Infantry (Eastern Ontario Regiment), was killed on the 22nd September 1916. He was reported to be  31 years old, but he was 33 and born on the 21 March 1883.  He was the son of farmer William Fulton, Tamnaderry, Cargin, Randalstown and Jane Watt, Drumbo(e). The couple had married in 2nd Randalstown Presbyterian Church on the 15 March 1872. They were there in 1901 and 1911, and they said in 1911 that they had had 10 children, 9 of whom were still alive at the time of the census.
John Fulton is buried in 2nd Canadian Cemetery, Sunken Road, Contralmaison.


FULTON,  418938 William Alexander,  42nd Bn. Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regt.), died of wounds in accidental rifle discharge on 4th February 1917. His widowed mother Margaret (70) resided at Casement Street, Ballymena and in the 1911 census return she said her resident son was a clerk. The family were at Paradise Avenue, Harryville in 1901, virtually across the road from the later Casement Street address, and William's father Alexander was a 60 year old gardener. Records say he died of pneumonia at Casement Street aged 71 years on the 14 June 1908.

William Alexander Fulton is buried in Ecoivres Military Cemetery, France and commemorated in Harryville Presbyterian Church.


Left: FURGROVE, 6362 Lance Corporal, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1st July 1916. He was born at 14, St Mary Street, Belfast on the 17 November 1891, enlisted in Ballymena, and was the only son of William Furgrove of Main Street, Cullybackey. John Furgrove, 19 Cambrai St, Belfast had married Agnes Alderdice, 84, Ewart's Row, Belfast in St Anne's Parish Church, Belfast on the 12 March 1883. He is buried in Ancre British Cemetery, Somme and commemorated in Cuningham Memorial Presbyterian Church, Cullybackey.

GALBRAITH, Fireman David, Mercantile Marine, died on the 18th December 1916 in the sinking of the SS Opal (Glasgow). The vessel was en route from Llandulais to Belfast/Glasgow with limestone when she struck a mined laid by U-80 (Alfred von Glasenapp), and sank off Isle of Man; 12 crew were lost this number including the ship’s master.
David Galbraith was the son of John Galbraith and his wife Alice McCambridge and he had been born on the 1 January 1875. He was the husband of Elizabeth Galbraith, nee McLoughlin, of Springhill, Glenarm, Co. Antrim. The couple, David of Castle Street, Glenarm and Lizzie McLoughlin of Venal Street, Glenarm, had married in the Roman Catholic Chapel in Glenarm on the 4th January 1899. Their son Patrick Galbraith also died in service.
GALBRAITH, Fireman Patrick, Mercantile Marine, died as a result of a submarine attack on SS Saint Barchan (Glasgow), on the 21st October 1918. He had been born at Glenarm on the 1 October 1899 and he was the son of Elizabeth Galbraith, of Springhill, Glenarm, Co. Antrim, and the late David Galbraith, who also died in service – see above.
St. Barchan was owned by J & A Gardener Ltd. Glasgow and she had been built in 1917 by Scott and Sons. She was sunk with the loss of eight of her crew four miles off St. John's Point, County Down, Northern Ireland, by the UB-94 commanded by Lt. Commander Haumann. It seems SS Saint Barchan was the last vessel sunk in home waters – just three weeks before the war ended. The ship had previously survived a failed torpedo attack on 5th April 1918.


Right: GALBRAITH, 15160 Private Robert, 2 Bn. Otago Regiment, N.Z.E.F., died of wounds in 13th General Hospital Boulogne of wounds received on his first day in trenches, the 15th November 1916; he passed away 8th December 1916. He was born at Carnlea Ballymena on the 4 January 1892 and was the son of farmer Alexander Galbraith and Elizabeth Cubitt, Carnlea, Ballymena. The parents had married on the 26 February 1881 in West Church?, Ballymena. He is buried in Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, Pas de Calais and commemorated in Clough Presbyterian Church. The family grave is in Clough New Cemetery.

 


GALLAGHER,  5702 Rifleman John, 1st Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds on 29th October 1917. He was aged about 23,  was possibly born at Ramoan, Ballycastle, enlisted in Belfast, and Soldiers Died in the Great War (SDGW) says he lived at Ballymena. He was the son of John and Mary Gallagher.  The family were at Ballybrakes, Ballymoney in 1901. Pedlar Mary Gallagher (32) lived with her mother, Frances Black, a 60 year old pedlar, and listed four children listed as sons: Patrick Sharpe (14) and a flax spinner, John Gallagher (8), Thomas Gallagher (6) and James Gallagher (4). In 1911 John (18) was a farm servant working for the White family at Ramoam, Ballycastle. His father John (40) and brother Thomas (17) are listed as lodgers living at Wilson's Row, Ballycastle. CWGC lists 5702 as Thomas Gallagher (an error) son of John, though his brother Thomas also served and died in Liverpool on the 14 October 1918. He was 7908 Rifleman Thomas Gallagher, 4th Bn Royal Irish Rifles, son of John and Mary Gallagher, Castle Street, Ballycastle. John is buried Pont-d'Achelles Military Cemetery, Nieppe, Nord, France, Thomas in Liverpool (Ford) RC Cemetery. John's will shows that he left his effects to his sister Matilda (Tillie?) Sharpe, Castle Street, Ballycastle.on the 7 April 1886

GALLOWAY, (sometimes mistakenly Galway) 19510 Rifleman Alexander, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was 21 when he died of wounds on the 17 June 1915.  He is buried in Warloy-Baillon Communal Cemetery Extension.  He was born on the 6 April 1894 at Taylorstown, Ballyscullion, near Randalstown.  He was the son of John Galloway, Ballybollen, Ahoghill and Mary Murray, Ballydunmaul, Randalstown. The couple had married in 2nd Randalstown Presbyterian Church on 7 April 1886. They were at Taylorstown, Ballyscullion in 1901, though their first child, Matilda, had been born at Ballybollen, Ahoghill on the 12 November 1887. The three boys, Thomas (8 Dec 1891), Alexander (6 April 1894) and Nathaniel Robert (23 July 1899), were all born at Taylorstown. The family were living at Church Street, Antrim in 1911.


Left: GAMBLE,  18993 Rifleman Frank, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 1st July 1916.  Aged 21, he was born at Lisnawhiggel, Connor and he enlisted in Ballymena. He was the son of John Gamble, Kells and Elizabeth Montgomery, Ahoghill. The couple had married in Cullybackey Presbyterian Church on 1 August 1878. Lisnawhiggel (Lisnawhiggle), Connor, and in 1911 they said they had had 10 children and that all were alive in 1911. They later lived at The Moat, Kells.

Frank, the fifth of their seven boys, is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial and in Connor Presbyterian Church.

GAMBLE, 17890 Lance Corporal John, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on the  23rd November 1916. He was born at Dunminning, Craigs, Cullybackey on the 30 October 1893 and was the son of William Gamble and his wife Eliza O'Neill.  William of Kildowney, Glarryford had married Elizabeth of Ballywatermoy, Craigs in St Patrick's Parish Church, Ballymena on the 3 November 1876. John Gamble enlisted in Glasgow and his family lived at 16, Queenshill Street, Glasgow. He is buried Waggonon 27 November 1889.  Road Cemetery Somme. His death is noted in the Ballymena Weekly Telegraph, January 1917.

GARRETT,  10554 Rifleman James Millar,  7th Royal Irish Rifles, formerly S/19159 Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders (S/ means he enlisted in one of the battalions raised during the Great War.), was killed in action on the 16th August 1917. He was the son of William John Garrett and Martha Millar Davison and was born on the 1 November 1895. The couple, labourer William John from Carnstroan (Carnstrone), Broughshane and Martha from Ballyligpatrick, Broughshane had married in 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church on the 27 November 1889.  The family were at Tamybuck in 1901 (James was then 5) and at Ballynacaird, Broughshane in 1911.  They said that they had had eight children by 1911 and that all were still alive. James M enlisted Paisley and was presumably living and working in Scotland, but he was born at Ballyligpatrick. James is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial and in Buckna Presbyterian Church.

Right: GASTON, James (MC),  Captain, Royal Army Medical Corps,  attached 4th Bn. Suffolk Regiment, was wounded on the  3rd September 1916 and died from those wounds on 5th November 1918. He was born on the 10 August 1882 at Carabeg and was the eldest son of Andrew Gaston and Mary Ann (usually Marianne) Tate, Carnbeg (sometimes Carabeg), Cloughmills. He was educated at Ballymena Academy and Queen's University, Belfast and had been a doctor in Washington, Co. Durham before the war - he is named on the war memorial there. He joined the army, landed at Le Havre on the 9th November 1914 and was commissioned in January 1915.  He saw much action and won the Military Cross. He is buried Arras Road Cemetery, Roclincourt, Pas de Calais. James is commemorated in Killymurris Presbyterian Church. His brother, born 10 June 1892 at Carnbeg, Cloughmills, was Captain Andrew Gaston, Royal Army Medical Corps.


London Gazette, 24 July 1917, Issue 30204, Page7628.

Left: GETTY (Geddes or Gettis),  6444 Rifleman Robert James, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 27th October 1914. He was born on the 17 July 1888 and was single, the son of Robert Geddes (sic), Springwell Street and Ellen Sinclair, Parkhead. The parent couple had married in St Patrick's Church, Ballymena on the 7 November 1882. He enlisted Ballykinlar.  Robert Getty's name is in "Paisley's Fallen in the Great War" – " Robt. Getty (23), 11 Caledonia St., mother Ballymena, Ireland, foundry labourer with Simons, Renfrew - called out with Irish Rifles Militia - killed Oct. 28, 1914"


His mother, Ellen Sinclair Getty, later lived at James Street, Ballymena. He is commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial, Pas de Calais.

GIBSON, 1004 Rifleman David, 14th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 1st July 1916. He was born on the 25 October 1896 at Tullynamullan, Kells. He was the son of weaver John Gibson, Tullynamullan, Kells and Margaret Barkley, Slatt (Slaght), the couple having married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church on the 16th June 1888. They lived at Slatt, Kellswater and they appear in the 1901 and 1911 census returns. Widow (John died on the 25 Dec 1897 at Tullynamullan) Margaret listed the five survivors of the six childlren born of the marriage before 1911 and this shows David to be her youngest son.  He enlisted in Ballymena, and he is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial and 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church.

Right: GIFFIN (sometimes Giffen), 36034 Private William, 2nd/5th Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, formerly 17480 Royal Field Artillery,  died of wounds on 28th October 1917.  He lived 3 Mackenzie Street, Greenock. He was the eldest son of Frank (Francis) Griffin and Elizabeth McNeice, and he had been born on the 25 October 1882 at Lisnacrogher, Ballymena. Francis Gamble, a carpenter from Drumraw (Drumra sic), Portglenone, had married Lizzie McNeice in 3rd Portglenone Presbyterian Church on the 14 November 1879. They appear in the 1901 and 1911 census returns and live in Drumfane, Ballymena. Frank, born in America, and Lizzie were egg merchants in 1901 and confectioners in 1911.  They said that they had had nine children, all alive in 1911. At the time of William's death they were living at 42 Mount Street, Ballymena. 

William is buried Dozinghem Military Cemetery, Poperinge, Belgium and commemorated in 2nd Ballymena (High Kirk)  Presbyterian Church.

GILDEA (recorded sometimes in error as Gildey or Gildery), 64253 Serjeant James, 122 Field Coy. Royal Engineers, having enlisted in Belfast where he was living in 1914, was killed in action on 27th March 1918.  He was born on the 28 February 1888 at Springwell Street, Ballymena, the son of widower William, Springwell Street and widow Ellen Douglas, Springwell Street.  The couple had married in St Patrick's Parish Church, Ballymena on the 7 October 1886. He was a carpenter in a local spinning mill in 1911. He married Margaret (Maggie) McCaughrin (recorded as McCaughron), Springwell Street, Ballymena in 2nd Ballymena (High Kirk) Presbyterian Church on the 8 July 1912.  James, a carpenter, gave his address as Holywood Road, Belfast and Maggie said she was from James Street, Harryville, Ballymena.

James had two brothers, George (born 1871) and Robert (born 12 July 1891).  He is commemorated on Pozieres Memorial, France and in Townsend Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast. Local press said he lived at 79 Brookmount Street, Belfast at the time of his death.

GILLEN,  6480 Private James, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, was killed in action on the  31st July 1915. He was said to be aged 33, and his next of kin was Mary Gillen, Glenbuck, Dunloy. The 1911 census shows him living with two unmarried sisters, Mary (64) and Jane (66) Gillen at Glenbuck.  The entry records him as 'John Gillen' and notes he was 31 in 1911, and the CWGC record says he was the 'Nephew of Miss Mary Gillen, of Glenbuck, Dunloy, Co. Antrim'. The Scottish Nation War Memorial says he, James, was born at Kilbirne, Ayrshire, though his name is not on the local memorial, suggesting he had not lived there for some time. He was formerly instructor to Dunloy Irish National Volunteers.  He is named Helles Memorial, Gallipoli.
GILLESPIE, Hugh, S/4812, Private, 8th Gordon Highlanders, was killed in action on 12th December 1915.  Aged 30 or older, he was the son of Hugh Gillespie and Ellen (Helen) McKillop, Glenravel, Ballymena.  He was the husband of Margaret Gillespie, nee Moffat, who he had married in Musselburgh RC Church, Midlothian, Scotland.
Hugh Gillespie had enjoyed a period of rest outside the trenches and then returned to them as part of a relief for the Black Watch, Royal Highland Regiment. The men were subjected to a heavy artillery barrage of shells and mortars and family believe he 'had his head blown off', apparently by a mortar shell.  His widow and four young children lived at 17, Archibald Place, Musselburgh, Midlothian.
GILLESPIE, 41266 Private James, 2nd Scottish Rifles (Cameronians),  formerly 3479 Glasgow Yeomanry, was killed in action on the 24th March 1918. He was born on the 26 June 1887 at Carmegrim, Portglenone, the son of James Gillespie and Agnes (Nancy) Caldwell. The couple, James from Ballybeg, Ahoghill and Nancy from Killybeg (Downkillybegs), Ahoghill, had married in 1st Presbyterian Church on the 1 December 1876. He enlisted in Hamilton, Scotland.  James Gillespie is commemorated on Pozieres Memorial, France and in 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.
GILMORE, 29168 Private Hugh, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, died on 21st October 1916 and is named on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme.  He was born on the 25 August 1893 at Ballynaleney, Randalstown, the son of Patrick Gilmore and Mary McErlain or McErlane, later of Staffordstown, Randalstown. The couple, Patrick from Ballynaleney, Randalstown and Mary from Tullaghbeg, Randalstown, had married in Cargin RC Chapel, Randalstown on the 15 May 1891.

GLASS, 18998 Rifleman Robert, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds as a POW on 28th June 1918. He was born on the 7 August 1889 at Cullybackey, and he lived in Cullybackey. He was the son of James Glass, weaver of Cullybackey, and Eliza Lorimer (recorded as Lormer) of Galgorm Parks. The couple had married in High Kirk (2nd Ballymena) Presbyterian Church on the 7 December 1880. They had had four children by 1911 and Agnes (14) and Robert (12) were the two survivors. Robert enlisted Ballymena. He is buried in Aulnoye Communal Cemetery, France and commemorated in 2nd Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.

Right: GLENDINNING (or Clendenning),  1290 Corporal David, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on 1st July 1916.  He was born on the 9 September 1893 at Ballyscullion and was the son of David, Ballygrooby (Ballygruby sic) and Mary Dennison (Denneston sic), Ballygrooby, near Randalstown. The couple had married in St Matthias's Parish Church, Ballyeglish, Co Londonderry on the 13 May 1891.

The 1901 census lists David as age 7, living with the family at house 9 in Ballyriff, Loop, Moneymore. His father was a labourer. David (Sen.) and Mary list their children as: William James, David, Annie, Thomas, and Minnie.

David Glendinning, soldier from Clandeboye Camp, Co Down and who had enlisted in Lisburn, had married Ellen Smyth of Tullygowan, Randalstown in 2nd Randalstown Presbyterian Church on the 19th March 1915. Ellen and his daughter May lived at the time of his death in The Cottage, Ballyronan, Magherafelt. May had been born in Ballyronan on 4th January 1916.

David and Mary Glendinning, had at one time been associated with Duneany, Glarryford. The Ballymena Weekly Telegraph reported David Glendinning of that Glarryford address as being missing in October 1916 and as having died in August 1917. 

He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.

GLENHOLMES, 442, (sometimes 18/422) Lance Sergeant James, 15th Royal Irish Rifles, died of wounds as prisoner of war on 20th September 1918 at Niederzwehren, Germany. He was born on the 5 July 1892 and was born at Kells.
He was the son of labourer William John Glenholmes, Kells and Matilda Jamison (sometimes Jamieson). His parents, William John from Ballymena and Matilda from Kells, had married on the 21 March 1891 in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church. A mistake was made in the recording of the marriage and he is registered as William John Holmes; this error also occurs on the 1901 census return when the family were living at Kilbegs, Antrim and in the registration of some the children.
They appear as Glenholmes, William John (43) and Matilda (42), in the 1911 census return and were then living at Ballycowan, Kells.  They said they had been married for 20 years and that they had had nine children all of whom were alive in 1911; this is inaccurate. They had a daughter, registered as Daisy Glenholmes and born on the 20 June 1906 at Railway Street, Ballymena, but she died after three months at Moat Road, Ballymena. The name then used for her was Lizzie Glenholmes.
The remainder of the family were William (19 and born 7 June 1891 at Kells), James (18 and born 5 July 1892 at Kells), Robert (17 and born 27 March 1894, Lisnawhiggle, Kells- recorded as Robert Glen Holmes), Mary (15 and born 22 February 1896 at Connor), John (13 and born 8 May 1897 at Connor), Samuel (11 and born 11 March 1900 at Kilbegs, Antrim), Edward (7 and born 23 March 1904 at Ballycowan, Kells), and Hessie Glen-Holmes sic (infant born 8 May 1910 at Ballycowan, Kells).

Will of James Glenholmes

Will of John Glenholmes

GLENHOLMES, 1418 Rifleman John, 8th Royal Irish Rifles and brother of James (above), died of wounds  on 7th June 1917.  He was the family’s fourth son. He is buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, Nord, France and is commemorated in Connor Presbyterian Church.
GORDON, 11232 Private Charles, 4th Bn Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regt.), died 8th October 1916. He was born on the 18 February 1893 at Ballymarlow (also Ballymarlagh), Ballyclug, Ballymena.  He was the son of William Gordon and Martha Bryson, Ballymarlow. Ballymena. He is commemorated on Vimy Memorial and in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church - See Ballymena Canadians.
GORDON 799154 Private James, 15th Bn. Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regt.), died on 2nd March 1917.  He was born on the 4 August 1895 at Liminary, Ballyclug, Ballymena was the son of William Gordon and Martha Bryson, Ballymarlow, Ballymena. He is buried in Fosse No. 10 Communal Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France and commemorated in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian Church. He was the brother of Charles (above).- See Ballymena Canadians



Left: GORDON,  3747 Rifleman James, 11th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 15th November 1916. He was born on the 28 February 1892 at Straid, Ahoghill, and he was the son of Wilson Gordon and Agnes (Nancy) Brown,  Straid, Gracehill, Ballymena. He is buried La Plus Douve Farm Cemetery, Belgium and is commemorated in Ahoghill (St Colmanell's) Church of Ireland.

 





GORDON,  6218 Corporal Robert,  1st Canadian Infantry (Western Ontario Regt.) was reported missing and believed killed at Givenchy on the 15th June 1915. He was born on the 28 March 1890 at Straid, Ahoghill,  and he was the son of Wilson Gordon and Agnes (Nancy) Brown, Straid, Gracehill. He had been in Canada at the outbreak of war and was before enlistment employed by the Grand Trunk Railway. He was the brother of Private James Gordon, also killed while serving with the 11th Royal Irish Rifles. Robert is commemorated on Vimy Memorial and in Ahoghill (St Colmanell's) Church of Ireland - See Ballymena Canadians.

Right: GORDON, Robert James, 26091, Rifleman, 4th Battalion, 3rd New Zealand Rifle Brigade, was killed in action in Belgium on the 7th June 1917. He was born on the 24 August 1893 at Lislea, Portglenone, Co Londonderry and was the son of  Thomas Gordon and Thomasena McMullan, Lislea, Portglenone and he listed his brother in law, a Mr J T Kyle, Waipukurau, New Zealand, as his next of kin. His mother was a widow at the time of his enlistment, his father having died of head injuries on the 3 February 1903 after being thrown from his horse on the 31 January. Robert James was a farm labourer and had left New Zealand on 25th September 1916 with the 11th Reinforcements 2nd Battalion, F Company aboard the troopship Devon. He is remembered on the Messines Ridge (NZ) Memorial.

GORDON, 3192 Private Thomas, 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action on the 16th May 1915. Aged 28, he was born in Ballymena and enlisted in Belfast.  He was the son of Thomas and Jeanie 129, Mervue Street, Belfast. He is commemorated on Le Touret Memorial, France.

Left: GORDON, 862164 Private William, 4th Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regt.) was killed in action by a shell at 10.30 a.m. as he stood in his own line at Vimy Ridge on 3rd/4th May 1917. He was the son of Smyth (Smith) Gordon and Nancy (Agnes) Barr, Downkillybegs, Slatt, Ballymena and was born on the 15 January 1882 at Cromkill, Kells. The couple, Smyth from Dunnygarron, Cullybackey and Nancy from Cromkill, had married in Ballymena 3rd Presbyterian Church on the 4 November 1873. In 1911 they said they had had nine children, eight of whom were still alive at that time. William Gordon is commemorated on the Vimy Memorial. See Ballymena Canadians

GORDON,  13447 Acting Corporal, William Robert, 7th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action by a shell in the start trench on 8th August 1917. He was born at Lisbreen, Skerry on the 12 April 1884 and was the son of David Gordon and Matilda Ayre.  The couple, David from Glenleslie, Skerry and Matilda from Islandtown, Skerry had married in Newtowncrommelin Presbyterian Church on the 18 February 1876. They were living at Clonavon Place North Ballymena in 1901 and at Ottawa Street, Belfast in 1911. William Robert Gordon is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.

GORDON-KIDD, DSO, Arthur Lionel,  Captain, 19th Squadron, Royal Flying Corps  (Secondary Regiment was 4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards), died of wounds on the 27th August 1917. He was the son of the late Captain James Gordon-Kidd, Broughshane Street, Ballymena, a soldier who had served in the Indian Army. His cousin was the Reverend T J Forsythe of Randalstown.

 

A L Gordon-Kidd was in England training to join the Indian police when the war broke out.  He enlisted and was wounded while serving with an Indian regiment in France.  He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and won a DSO for a bombing attack on a German ammunition train.  He dived his aircraft from 7500 feet and, just 900 feet above the ground, he released a bomb that devastated both train and track.  His plane was rocked by the upwards force of the explosion. Major-General Trenchard wanted a VC for him and Haig in a letter of 7th July 1916 agreed, though he wanted 'corroborative evidence'.  This was not provided and the DSO was awarded.

 

A L Gordon-Kidd was shot down by Werner Voss, the Hun's 4th ranked ace, on the 23rd August 1917 at 10.10 am.  He managed to crash land his aircraft at 23 Squadron's airfield south west of Diksmuide but died of his wounds. He had become the 38th victim in this man's 48 kill career while flying B3528, a Spad VII of 19th Squadron, RFC.  He is buried Mendinghem Military Cemetery, Belgium.


Viknor Graves on Rathlin Island, North Antrim 

Left: GOURLEY, Samuel Mooney, Clyde 3/2177, Able Seaman, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, H.M.S. "Viknor."  He died on the 13th January 1915. (HMS Viknor was an armed merchant cruiser of 10th Cruiser Squadron and was under the command of E O Ballantyne.  She had been a ship of the Blue Star Line before being requisitioned and modified by the Royal Navy.  Her crew, 22 Officers and 273 Men, were all lost when she struck a mine off Tory Island.  25 men, of whom Gourley was probably one, came from the Newfoundland Division of Royal Navy Reserves.  All crew were lost and, though some bodies did wash ashore and are buried in Ballintoy, Rathlin, etc, most crew have no known grave.)  He was born on the 4 October 1893 and was the son of postman James Gourley and weaver Sarah Mooney. James of Portglenone had married Sarah of Glenone in Portglenone Parish Church on the 12 July 1888. They lived at Garvaghy, Portglenone in 1901 but had moved into the village of Portglenone by 1911. Samuel had two sisters, Emma (1889) and Annie (1891). His commemorated on Portsmouth Naval Memorial.

GOURLEY (or Gourlay), 17742 Rifleman Thomas Chesney, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, went missing and was then deemed killed in action on 1st July 1916. He was born on the 25 April 1888 at Ballybeg, Ahoghill, though he had emigrated to Canada.  He returned shortly before the war to his parents' home at Larne and then enlisted in Larne along with a brother. The family were at Waterloo Road in 1901 and at Lower Waterloo Rd (Factory Row), Larne in 1911. He was the fifth son of James Gourley and Elizabeth Chesney. The couple, James Goorely (sic) a weaver from Ballybeg, Ahoghill, married Elizabeth from Limnaharry, Ahoghill in the village's 1st Presbyterian Church on the 18 September 1873. They said they had eight children, all eight still alive, by 1911.  He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.


GRAHAM, 11524 Private Andrew Greer, 2nd Irish Guards, died of wounds on 1st May 1918.  He was born on the 11 November 1896 at Ballywatermoy, Craigs, Cullybackey, the son of Wilson Graham and his wife Maggie (Margaret) Greer.  The couple had married in West Church, Ballymena on the 27 October 1891. Wilson was a farmer from Carnlea, his bride from Ballydonnelly, Drummaul. They lived at Ballywatermoy in 1901 and were at Ballyreagh, Clough in 1911.  They said in 1911 they had had six children, then all alive. Andrew is buried in Les Baraques Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France and remembered on a family headstone in Clough Cemetery, also known as Dunaghy Old Graveyard.

GRAHAM, 152774 Private Nathaniel (often referred to as Norman and this is the name on his Canadian record), 13th Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regiment), died of pneumonia at No. 8 Stationary Hospital, France on 12th February 1919 and is buried in Terlincthun British Cemetery, France.  He was born on the 18 July 1890 at Racavan, Broughshane, not 1891 as he said on enlistment, and was the son of David Graham and Agnes McNeill.  The couple, David from Racavan and Agnes from Owencloughy, Broughshane, married in Carnalbanagh Presbyterian Church on the 28 December 1880. The family lived at Blacktown, Ballyligpatrick. He was the husband of husband of Annie Moore.  The couple, Nathaniel from Ballyligpatrick and Annie from Ballynacaird, wed on the 19 September 1913 in Wellington Street Presbyterian Church, Ballymena. Annie remarried in Wellington Street Presbyterian on the 7 December 1921 and became the wife of John Allen of Carnalbanagh.


GRAHAM,  S/342597 Chief Shipwright Samuel, HMS Victory, died of wounds on 23rd October 1918 and he is named on the family headstone in Kells and Connor New Presbyterian Cemetery.  He was born on the 16 July 1875 and was the son of William Graham, formerly of Co Monaghan and the village grocer in Connor, and Eliza Elliott.  Samuel had married in Portsmouth and was the husband of Annie Lillian Veck. His widow lived at 57, Manners Road, Southsea, Portsmouth.

GRAHAM, William, Fireman, Merchant Marine, died on the 25th December 1914 when S.S. Gem struck a mine at 6.15 p.m. on the 25th December 1914, broke in two, and sank in the North Sea 3.5 nautical miles (6.5 km) south east by east of Scarborough. He was the son of late Francis and Mary Graham, nee McClintock, and he was born at Buckna, Racavan on the 20th January 1871. He was the husband of Sarah Graham, Springhill, Glenarm. He is commemorated on   Tower Hill Memorial.

GRAHAM, S/3674 Private William John Lilley,  2nd Gordon Highlanders, was killed in action on the 1st July 1916.  He was born on the 7 July 1890 at Broughshane and was the son of Samuel Graham and Sarah Lilley.  Samuel of Downpatrick and a coachman by calling, married Sarah from Broughshane in West Church, Ballymena on the 10 May 1886. He lived in Motherwell, enlisted in Aberdeen, and his mother Sarah, lived at 131 Watsonville, Motherwell at the time of his death.

GRAHAMSLAW, 19940 Private Alexander McDougal, 7/8th King's Own Scottish Borderers, died on 23rd July 1918. He was born on the 2 February 1894 at Hawick, Roxboroughshire, but he lived in Broughshane and enlisted in Ballymena. The entry in the 1911 census says George (42) and his children Euphemia (19), Alexander (17) and William (15), all born in Scotland, all worked in woollen manufacturing. The family's mother Mary (42), nee Douglas, was Scottish, as was daughter Catherine (10), but daughter Mary (7) was born in Co Antrim.  Alexander's army service number indicates that he joined the KOSB in May 1915 and his notes show that he went overseas on 25th November the same year. He served in Gallipoli with another KOSB battalion and the went to the newly created 7/8th Battalion.
On the morning of the 23 July 1918, according to 'A Border Battalion: The 7/8th King's Own Scottish Borderers',  the 7/8th were deployed as follows:
"C " and " D ' Companies were in the front line on the western edge of a small plateau north-west of the village of Buzancy. "A" Company was in support in a wood in rear and “B “ Company was in reserve in another wood 1000 yards from the front line. ... Our objective ... was the plateau north of Buzancy ...  an advance of 1000 yards from our front line, and the out-flanking of the village of Rozieres. ... We were in ... unknown country. No one in ... had seen the position by daylight, the men were fatigued after along and difficult relief, and there was no opportunity of resting ...  Promptly at 5 am the barrage fell, and two minutes later the attacking companies went over. But the barrage was woefully ineffective with the result that as we swept forward we were met by a withering machine-gun fire, and at the same time the supports in the wood behind were hotly shelled. In spite of all, the line was advanced some 200 yards; then any further advance became impossible. Both the leading companies had lost heavily; nevertheless they succeeded in holding on to the ground they had gained. Alex Grahamslaw was one of those who fell.
Alex's army will recorded relatives at Park Street, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire, Scotland. He is buried in Vauxbuin Cemetery, France and is commemorated in 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church and on village war memorial.

Right: GRANT,  12/19005 Rifleman John, 12th Royal Irish Rifles,  born 14 January 1885, was killed in action on 1st July 1916. He came from Galgorm Parks, Galgorm and was the son of John Grant and Nancy Laverty. The couple, John from Artibrannan, Galgorm and Nancy from Galgorm Parks, had married in 'The U P Church', Cullybackey (United Free Church)  on the 27 January 1877. They had had eleven children by 1911 and nine of them were still alive at that time. John is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial and in 2nd Ballymena Presbyterian Church.


GRANT, 12/19003 Serjeant William, 12th Royal Irish Rifles, was killed in action on the 1st July 1916. He was born at Galgorm Parks on the 7 January 1892 and was the son of William Grant and Annie Burnside, both of Galgorm Parks, Ballymena.  They had married in 1st Ballymena Presbyterian on the 15 November 1891. William enlisted in Ballymena as he and the family lived at Railway Cottages, Ballymena by 1911. He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial and in 2nd Ballymena Presbyterian Church. The family headstone is in Ballymena Cemetery, Cushendall Road.

GRAY, 10449 Private David Pinkerton, 'B' Company, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers,  was killed in action on the 28th January 1917.  He was born on the 4 May 1894 at William Street, Ballymena and was the the youngest son of coachbuilder Robert Gray and Mary O'Loan (recorded ad O'Lone) of William Street, Ballymena. The couple had married in West Church (2nd) Presbyterian Church, Ballymena on the 20 October 1889. David is commemorated on Thiepval Memorial, Somme and Wellington Street Presbyterian Church.
GRAYSON, Lieutenant John Henry, 6th Royal Irish Regiment, was killed in action on the 20th November 1917.  He was a former pupil of Ballymena Academy and was residing in Malahide at time of enlistment. He was the son of John James Grayson, originally from Warwickshire, England, and Margaret Elizabeth Oughton of Clonmel and was born on the 9 May 1897 at Clones.  Bank of Ireland  sub-agent John James Grayson had married his bride in St Mary's Parish Church (C of I) Clonmel, Co Tipperary on the 29 September 1889. The family moved around: Evelyn E was born in Wexford, Muriel A in Cork and John at Clones, Monaghan. The settled at Delmaine, Malahide, Co. Dublin, John James dying there in 1942, his wife in 1946.  Lt Grayson is buried Croisilles Railway Cemetery, Pas de Calais.
GREENWOOD, 19426 Private William, 12th (S) Highland Light Infantry, died of wounds on 31st July 1917. He was born on the 31 March 1890 at Broughdone, Cullybackey and was the son of John Greenwood and Isabella (Bella) Steele. The couple, 'loftman' John from Harperstown, Craigs, married Bella from Tullygrawley in the UP Church, Cullybackey on the 22 October 1886.  They had ten children together and two died, Jane (1st Jane) in 1894 and Susan in 1903. Bella died in September 1906. William enlisted Coatbridge and he lived at Airdrie. He is buried in Brandhoek New Military Cemetery No.3, Ypres and commemorated in Cullybackey UF Church.
GREER, S/13953 Lance Corporal Joseph, 1st Gordon Highlanders, died of wounds on 5th June 1918.  He was born on the 23 July 1895 at Ballybeg, Ahoghill and was the son of Robert John Greer and Matilda Fullerton. Robert John from Bracknamuckley and Tillie from Mullinsallagh, both 19, had married in 3rd Portglenone Presbyterian Church on the 16 January 1895. In 1901 wife Matilda (26) was living at Garvaghy, Portglenone with Joseph and Mary Fullerton and three children are listed: Joseph Greer (born 23rd July 1895, Ahoghill), Alexander Greer (born 5th November 1897, Portglenone), and William Greer (born 3rd April 1900, Portglenone). The 1911 census lists Joseph as age 15 and working as a farm servant for the Hastings family at Inishrush, Co Londonderry.
The CWGC record Lance Corporal J Greer as the son of Mrs M Greer of Sprucebank, Portglenone, County. Antrim. Joseph is buried Mont Huon Military Cemetery, Le Treport.



Right: GREER, 2429 Rifleman William, 'C' Coy, 12th Royal Irish Rifles (Machine Gun Company), was killed in action on 12th August 1917. He was born on the 29 June 1886 and was the son of late James Greer, died in 1910 at Gloonan, Ahoghill, and his late wife Margaret Reeves, died Gloonan, Ahoghill in 1908.  The family had previously lived in the village at New Row, Ahoghill. William left his effects to his brother Thomas, born 19 March 1881, no doubt to help him care for remaining family member Mary Ann.  She was born on the 15 January 1894 and was mentally defective.

William is buried at New Irish Farm Cemetery. Commemorated 1st Ahoghill Presbyterian Church.

GREGG, 476832 Gunner Charles,  2nd Division Ammunition Column, Canadian Field Artillery, was injured accidentally and died on 1st January 1917. He was born on the 10 May 1884 at Larne Street, Harryville, Ballymena and was the son of carpenter John Gregg and Rose (Rae) Brady, Queen Street, Harryvillle, Ballymena. The couple had married in St Patrick's Parish Church, Ballyclug, Ballymena on the 26 March 1883. The family were living at 29, Wellington Street, Ballymena in 1909 and 1911 and on the latter date the couple said they had had four children.  Three were then alive - Charles, Mary and Georgina.
Charles is buried Barlin Military Cemetery, France. See Ballymena Canadians for full story.
GRIBBEN, 1571 Private Hugh, 7th Bn. Leinster Regiment, died of wounds on the 3rd May 1916. He was born in Cushendun, Co Antrim. He is buried in Longuenesse (St. Omer), Souvenir Cemetery, Plot 3, Row B, Grave 9.



Left: GRIBBEN, 23/1393 Rifleman Robert, 1st Bn. New Zealand Rifle Brigade, died of wounds on 17th June, 1916.  He was born on the 1 July 1886 at Racavan, Broughshane and was the son of James Gribben and his wife Ann Jane Linton.  The Gribbens later lived at Racecourse, Lower Broughshane, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. Robert is buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery, Nord. France and commemorated 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church, as is his brother Samuel who also died.



Right: GRIBBEN, 19419 Corporal Samuel, 11th Highland Light Infantry, died in Lincoln Hospital on 29th February 1916 of wounds received at Loos.  He was born on the 23 August 1883 and was the son of James Gribben and Ann Jane Linton, later of  Racecourse, Broughshane. He enlisted in Coatsbridge, and he was the husband of Agnes Gribben, 28, Ronald Road, Coatbridge. He is buried in Lincoln Newport Cemetery and commemorated in 2nd Broughshane Presbyterian Church. He was the brother of Robert (above).

 


GUTHRIE,  10425 Lance Corporal George,  2nd King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, died of wounds on the 10th April 1918. He was born at Ballygrooby, Drummaul, Randalstown on the 5 January 1897, the son of RSM Robert Guthrie, Derby Road, Nottingham. 21 year old Lance Corporal Robert Gutherie, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, then of Victoria Barracks, Belfast, had married Rebecca Scott, a servant from 7, Hazelfield Street, Belfast, in St Anne's Parish Church, Belfast on the 10 May 1895. His wife and child later lived at Princes Street, Ballymena. He is buried in Doullens Communal Cemetery, Somme and commemorated on Ballymena War Memorial.